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[其他发射] 2019年7月,月船2号/Chandrayaan-2月球探测器将由GSLV-mk3自达万航天中心发射

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 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-7-28 22:09 | 显示全部楼层

“月船”2的载荷搭载方案下个月确定

Chandrayaan-2 payloads to be decided next month


Tuesday, Jul 27, 2010

Bangalore: The mission goal of India's second lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2, will be clearer next month when a meeting will decide upon the payloads, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Telemetry Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) director S.K. Shivakumar, said here on Monday.

A meeting here on August 3 would finalise Chandrayaan-2's scientific instruments, which together would weigh between 30 and 35 kg, said Dr. Shivakumar in a lecture on “Chandrayaan-Deep Space Network,” organised by the Institute of Engineers.

“The payloads are currently going through the process of short-listing,” he said.

Dr. Shivakumar said the probe would “take forward” some of the accomplishments of Chandrayaan-1, which had famously established the presence of water on the moon.

Chandrayaan-2, scheduled for a 2012 launch, would have an Indian-made orbiter and rover (to move on the moon's surface and collect soil samples), and a Russian lander.

Three-dimensional map

The data collected from Chandrayaan-1 continued to be analysed and a three-dimensional map of the lunar surface was being created with information received from the Terrain Mapping Camera, one of its 11 payloads, Dr. Shivakumar said.

Retracing the origins of ISRO's ambitious Indian Deep Space Network established in Byalalu (on the outskirts of Bangalore), Dr. Shivakumar said its giant 32-metre antenna had tracked the European Space Agency's missions to Venus and Mars.

“All calculations show that the antenna will successfully track India's Mars mission,” he added.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-16 22:26 | 显示全部楼层

印俄与中国在向月球发射无人着陆探测器任务上展开竞争

本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2010-8-16 22:28 编辑

12 August 2010 Last updated at 20:55 ET


Race to launch Moon landing probeBy Anatoly Zak



Science reporter
_48721022_lunarover.jpg
Russia's four-legged lunar platform will release an Indian-built rover
A modern-day space race to land an unmanned probe on the Moon is emerging between Russia and India on one side and China on the other.

After months of negotiations, Russian and Indian engineers have started working on a robotic mission together.

This would see the landing of a small four-wheeled rover on to the surface of the Earth's celestial neighbour.

It is set to launch in 2013
, to roughly match the scheduled lunar landing of China's Chang'e-3 spacecraft.

Whichever team gets there first, it would be the first human hardware to function on the lunar surface since the Soviet Luna-24 spacecraft returned to Earth with Moon's soil samples in 1976.

Known in Russia as Luna-Resource and in India as Chandrayaan-2, the joint mission will include an Indian-built lunar orbiter and the Russian-built landing platform both launched by a single Indian rocket.

The Russian-built four-legged platform will deliver around 35kg of scientific equipment to the lunar surface and release a 15kg Indian-built robotic rover.

Despite being a far cry from the 750kg Soviet Lunokhod rovers, which rolled across the lunar landscape in the 1970s, the tiny Indian electric vehicle is still expected to provide scientific data, thanks to miniaturisation of technology.

"We do understand that, first of all, it is a demonstration of the Indian presence on the surface of the Moon," Aleksandr Zakharov, a leading scientist at the Space Research Institute (IKI) in Moscow told BBC News.

"However, it will have a TV camera onboard, and we also asked our Indian partners to include a miniature manipulator, so it could sample soil beyond the reach of the robotic arm of the (stationary Russian) lander."

The rover and all of its scientific instruments are expected to be Indian-built, even though India is free to solicit foreign participation, Mr Zakharov said.

Quest for water

Russia recently put the highest priority on the Luna-Resource project in order to fulfill a 2013 launch window insisted upon by India, Russian space industry officials said.

Mr Zakharov said the work on Luna-Resource was proceeding even more actively than on Russia's own project of lunar exploration - known as Luna-Glob

By the end of this month, the Moscow-based institute is planning to finalise the selection of instruments which will comprise the scientific payload aboard the stationary Luna-Resource lander.

The main focus of the scientific instruments would be the geochemical analysis of the lunar soil, including the detection of water.

Confirming the existence of lunar water became especially important for planetary scientists in 1990s, after a US probe found signs of water ice around the lunar poles.

By doing so, scientists would not simply write an important chapter in the geological history of the Earth's natural satellite, but also provide a major imperative if humans ever attempt to establish a habitable base on the Moon.

According to Mr Zakharov, a drilling mechanism, which is being considered for the Luna-Resource mission could penetrate as deep as 1m below the surface and with some luck achieve the pioneering feat of "touching" lunar water.

To increase the chances of this happening, Russian and Indian scientists will be working to carefully select landing sites for the mission.

Although the search is expected to continue for some time, the lunar South Pole had already been singled out as a possible target, where water ice could be most abundant and lie closest to the surface.

The selection process could be facilitated by data from India's first lunar mission - Chandrayaan-1 - which orbited the Moon in 2008.

According to Mr Zakharov, landing at the poles the Moon could be arranged so that it ensures the largely uninterrupted communications of the spacecraft with ground control.

At the same time, the Moon's polar regions are largely an enigma to scientists, as all previous lunar landings were limited to equatorial and middle latitudes.

Along with the quest for water, the Luna Resource mission could improve understanding of the internal composition of the Moon and its orbital movement with the help of a seismometer and a laser reflector.

Also on the short list of potential payloads is a radio beacon, which could facilitate lunar landings for future missions. Up to 10 scientific instruments could be placed aboard the lander, Zakharov said.

As Russia's second deep-space launch attempt after the scheduled mission to Phobos in 2011, Luna-Resource is expected to make a maximum use of scientific hardware, which had already been developed for exploration of the Martian Moon.

The IKI also expects that many of its traditional partners abroad would consider participating in the new mission. "We do talk to our usual partners in France, Germany, Sweden and other countries and we are counting on that," Mr Zakharov said.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-16 22:31 | 显示全部楼层



老毛子的Luna-Glob任务果然与印度的“月船”-2合并了。只是,之前报道都是说带2个月球车,这次变成只有印度一方的月球车了
bestman2010 发表于 2010-8-17 09:26 | 显示全部楼层
有竞争才有压力,更有动力
aitou 发表于 2010-8-24 23:46 | 显示全部楼层
照这个进度,咱们还是慢于印度阿。月船2号就登月了,我们嫦娥2继续环月。
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-9-30 11:48



    主要是印度的外交能够左右逢源,能够大量借助外力是我国所不能比的
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-26 14:03 | 显示全部楼层

Chandrayaan-2项目进展更新:除了俄罗斯,可能不搭载其他国家的载荷

Thursday, August 5, 2010


A Chandrayaan-II update


The Minister of State for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Prithviraj Chavan answering a question in Parliament said that scientists at the Indian Space Research Organisation were building and developing the Chandrayaan-II spacecraft along with Russia. It is going to carry an Indian orbiter with scientific instruments, a Russian lander and an Indian rover with scientific instruments.

On August 3, 2010, ISRO was to have a meeting to decide on the payloads of Chandrayaan-II. The results of the meeting was shared and it seems that India seems to be going with better versions of the instruments it carried on board Chandrayaan-I.

There has apparently been no discussion on the foriegn (other than Russia) payloads that Chandrayaan-II will carry although NASA and ESA have shown interest.

Earlier, ISRO officials had said that Chandrayaan-II will carry two rovers - a 50 kg Russian one along with a 15 kg Indian rover. The statement made by the Minister yesterday however reveals that ISRO is now going with a single Indian one. There have been no clarifications from ISRO or Roscosmos about what caused this change in decision. Perhaps this was to help accomodate more scientific payloads on the orbiter/rover. Also removing that second Indian rover, would have meant that it would become a Russian surface landing mission.

Again the buzz surrounding the Indian Lunar Mission is rising, with payloads being discussed and debated. The Scientific Advisory Committee was constituted to select foriegn payloads from about 36 short-listed international proposals. TThere has been no word so far on the international selections. A better version of Terrain Mapping Camera is likely to find its way into Chandrayaan-II, but other instruments it seems is still being selected.

The only constant in this chatter of news stream is that Chandrayaan-II will fly in the first quarter of 2013.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-26 14:04 | 显示全部楼层

印度月球车的原理样车

Image01542 (1).jpg
cmj9808 发表于 2010-8-31 10:11 | 显示全部楼层
Chandrayaan 2目前的载荷搭载方案

轨道器
Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer (CLASS)
L and S band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
Imaging IR Spectrometer (IIRS)
Neutral Mass Spectrometer (ChACE-2)
Terrain Mapping Camera-2 (TMC-2)

月球车
Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS)
Alpha Particle Induced X-ray Spectroscope (APIXS)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-31 16:16 | 显示全部楼层

俄罗斯将为俄印探月工程提供着陆器

俄新网RUSNEWS.CN班加罗尔8月27日电 俄罗斯航天署副署长阿纳托利·希洛夫今天向记者透露,俄航天署署将向俄印"月球初航二号"(Chandrayaan-2)联合探月工程提供着陆器,着陆器首先将在火星卫星上进行试验。运载火箭和月球车将由印度提供。

最初俄印两国航天署计划向太空发射两个月球车,较大的由俄罗斯提供,较小的有印度提供。在计算费用后,双方决定改变原来的计划,放弃使用俄罗斯的月球车

按照"月球初航二号"计划(俄罗斯航天署又称"月球-资源"),印度GSLV型运载火箭将向月球运送轨道舱,由俄罗斯拉沃奇金科研生产联合体研制的着陆器将携带印度小型月球车在月球表面着陆。

希洛夫称,探月工程的任务是在距离着陆点最远处研究月球土壤,确定月球上是否有水。希洛夫目前在在印度班加罗尔市参加国际航空航天展。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-31 16:16 | 显示全部楼层

印度确定“月球航行”-2任务有效载荷清单

2010-08-31

  [据俄新社2010年8月31日报道]  印度太空研究组织(ISRO)称,已最终确定了“月球航行”-2任务有效载荷清单。
  
  ISRO与俄罗斯联邦航天局在2007年11月1签署了一份共同开展“月球航行”-2任务的合作协议。“月球航行”-2遥感卫星的主要目标是为证实月表阴影地区存在水冰提供进一步证据,并探测月球上的化学成分。
  
  印度的第二次月球任务中将有一个轨道飞行器(OC)和一个月球飞行器(LC),能携带一个软着陆系统进入月球转移轨道。“月球航行”-2航天器重1.4吨,上面携带了重5吨的有效载荷。该航天器还将配有用于勘测月表的主要元素的大面积软X射线分光计(CLASS)和太阳能X射线监视器(XSM),以及用于探测月表水冰情况的合成孔径雷达。
  
  有效载荷包括了一个IR成像光谱仪(IIRS),用于大范围地测绘月表,研究矿物质、水分子和羟基;中性质谱仪(ChAC-2)将对月球外大气层进行详细研究;地形制图照相机-2(TMC-2)主要用于对月表的三维制图。
  
  “月球航行”-2任务还将包括一个轨道器(卫星)、一个着陆器、一个用于收集分析月球土壤样本并将数据传回地球的漫游车。俄罗斯负责设计和制造这三个设备。
  
  “月球初航”任务于2008年10月搭乘印度造PSLV-C11火箭成功升空,由此使得印度成为第三个将无人探测器送往月球的国家。
naugty 发表于 2010-8-31 16:30 | 显示全部楼层
2010-08-31

  [据俄新社2010年8月31日报道]  印度太空研究组织(ISRO)称,已最终确定了“月球航行” ...
jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-31 16:16



    。“月球航行”-2航天器重1.4吨,上面携带了重5吨的有效载荷。

是50kg还有点靠谱
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-31 19:13 | 显示全部楼层

“月船(Chandrayaan)”2载荷确定

August 30, 2010  PRINT THIS PAGE     

Payloads for Chandrayaan-2 Mission Finalised  


Chandrayaan2, India's second mission to moon, is being targeted for launch during 2013. Chandrayaan2 will have an orbiter (satellite), a lander and a rover. Chandrayaan-2 is planned to be launched onboard Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota. While the lander will be provided by Russia, the orbiter and the rover are being built by ISRO.

The payloads to be flown onboard Chandrayaan2 (orbiter and rover) have been finalised by a National committee of experts drawn from ISRO centres, academic institutions and R & D laboratories and Chaired by Prof U R Rao, Chairman, Advisory Committee on Space Sciences (ADCOS) and former Chairman of ISRO.

The committee, after detailed deliberations and considering the mission requirements, weight and power available for scientific payloads, has recommended five payloads to be flown on the orbiter of which three are new and two are improved versions of the payloads flown earlier on Chandrayaan1 orbiter. The committee has also recommended two scientific payloads on the rover of Chandrayaan 2. Inclusion of additional payloads, if possible within the mission constraints, will be considered at a later date following a detailed review.

The five recommended payloads of Chandrayaan-2 orbiter are as follows:

1、Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer (CLASS) from ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore and Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) from Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad for mapping the major elements present on the lunar surface.
2、L and S band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) from Space Applications Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad for probing the first few tens of meters of the lunar surface for the presence of different constituents including water ice. SAR is expected to provide further evidence confirming the presence of water ice below the shadowed regions of the moon.
3、Imaging IR Spectrometer (IIRS) from SAC, Ahmedabad for the mapping of lunar surface over a wide wavelength range for the study of minerals, water molecules and hydroxyl present.
4、Neutral Mass Spectrometer (ChACE2) from Space Physics Laboratory (SPL), Thiruvananthapuram to carry out a detailed study of the lunar exosphere.
5、Terrain Mapping Camera2 (TMC2) from SAC, Ahmedabad for preparing a three-dimensional map essential for studying the lunar mineralogy and geology.
The two scientific payloads on Chandrayaan-2 rover are:

Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) from Laboratory for Electro Optic Systems (LEOS), Bangalore
1、Alpha Particle Induced X ray Spectroscope (APIXS) from PRL, Ahmedabad.
2、Both the instruments are expected to carry out elemental analysis of the lunar surface near the landing site.

Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft weighs about 2,650 kg at lift-off of which the orbiter weight is about 1,400 kg and lander weight is about 1,250 kg. Development of the subsystems of the orbiter and the rover is in progress at ISRO centres in Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram and Ahmedabad.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-9-3 11:18 | 显示全部楼层

俄罗斯将在2011年测试“月球航行”-2着陆器

2010-09-01

  [据美国aviationnow网站2010年8月31日报道] 俄罗斯航天局计划2011年测试印度“月球航行”-2(Chandrayaan-2)任务上的着陆器。
  
  “月球航行”-2预计2013年发射,包括轨道器、着陆器、漫游车。预计使用地球同步轨道卫星运载火箭从萨迪什·达万航天中心发射。着陆器由俄罗斯提供,轨道器和漫游车由印度太空研究组织建造。漫游车重30-100千克,具体重量取决于采取半硬着陆还是软着陆。在一个月的月表操作期间,它将主要依靠太阳能动力。最初计划建造两辆漫游车,一辆来自印度,一辆大的来自俄罗斯,不过经过成本分析后,俄罗斯取消了建造漫游车的计划。
  
  与此同时,印度方面宣布,来自印度太空研究组织中心、学院以及研发试验室的专家委员会已经确定“月球航行”-2上携带的有效载荷名单。这五大有效载荷是:
  
  ·印度太空研究组织卫星中心(SAC)建造的大面积软X射线光谱仪,以及物理研究实验室的太阳X射线监视器,用于绘制月球表面主要成分。
  ·SAC建造的L波段和S波段合成孔径雷达,将首次探测月表几十米,寻找不同的月壤成分,包括水冰。
  ·SAC建造的红外成像光谱仪将绘制大范围波长的月表地图,用于研究矿物质、水分子与羟基。
  ·太空物理实验室提供的中性粒子质谱仪研究月球外大气层。
  ·SAC建造的“地形绘图摄像机”-2描绘三维地图,研究月球矿物与地质。
  
  委员会还建议在漫游车上携带两个科学有效载荷,准备对着陆点附近的月表进行元素分析:
  ·光电系统实验室提供的激光诱导崩解分光镜。
  ·物理研究实验室的阿尔法粒子诱导X射线分光镜。
     
  发射时“月球航行”-2航天器总质量为2650千克,包括轨道器1400千克,着陆器1250千克。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-9-7 09:32 | 显示全部楼层

由于没有更多的空间,所以“月船”2将不搭载国外的载荷

'We're launching Chandrayaan-2 for a total coverage of the moon'


Sep 6, 2010, 12.00am IST


On August 30, India's second unmanned scientific mission to the moon, the Rs 425-crore Chandrayaan-2, slated for launch in 2013, a joint Indo-Russian flight, from Sriharikota, took a definite shape with the seven scientific instruments or payloads five on the India-built orbiter and two on the indigenous rover being announced by ISRO. A high-level committee headed by U R Rao , chairman, Advisory Committee on Space Sciences, made the choice of instruments . Srinivas Laxman talks to Rao, who was also chairman of ISRO between 1984 and 1994:

India's first lunar mission Chandrayaan-1 had accomplished nearly 95 per cent of its scientific objectives and is considered a success internationally. Why is India returning to the moon?

There are still a lot of outstanding issues about the moon, which have to be resolved in greater depth. Some of the experiments of Chandrayaan-1, moreover, achieved only 50 per cent to 70 per cent of their objectives. Again, due to power limitations, the Terrain Mapping Camera of Chandrayaan-1 could map only 45 per cent of the moon. We are launching Chandrayaan-2 because we need a total coverage of the moon, employ improved and new technology and obtain better quality photo imageries. The orbiter with the five payloads will be flying at an altitude of 200 km above the lunar surface and we estimate that its lifespan would be for two years depending on the use of the propellant.

A significant aspect of Chandrayaan-2 is that the orbiter, unlike in Chandrayaan-1, does not have any foreign payloads even though NASA and the European Space Agency showed interest. Is there any reason why foreign payloads have been removed?

As per the present plan we do not have any weight in the orbiter for foreign payloads. We were keen on giving an opportunity to our scientists. This is why we decided not to invite international participation this time. Keeping this in view we, unlike in Chandrayaan-1, did not issue a formal Announcement of Opportunity calling for international participation. Even at the last moment if we decide to have foreign payloads on Chandrayaan-2 after making weight allowances, we have to issue an Announcement of Opportunity, an elaborate exercise, which can delay the flight. The total mass of the five payloads on the orbiter is about 40 kg at the moment and we are trying to reduce it, which may be difficult.

In Chandrayaan-1 many Indian scientists regretted that their achievements were sidelined especially with regard to the discovery of water and NASA took away the credit. Is this a reason why the committee eliminated foreign instruments on board Chandrayaan-2?

[ Laughs ] The instruments were chosen based purely on their scientific merit. The weight of Indian rover was earlier stipulated as 15 kg. Has this been finalised and what will be its lifespan?

It will be more than that. It will function only for a few days on the surface of the moon because of power limitations. It will carry its own power. The design and development of the rover is a new technology for us. For the orbiter we have selected the right altitude of 200 km above the moon's surface for it to fly because too many corrections are not needed at this altitude. (The flight plan envisages the lander with the rover detaching from the orbiter at a certain point near the moon and soft landing on the lunar surface, the place has yet to be finalised. Thereafter, the rover will move out of the lander.)
naugty 发表于 2010-9-7 09:42 | 显示全部楼层
'We're launching Chandrayaan-2 for a total coverage of the moon'

Sep 6, 2010, 12.00am IST


On ...
jingyan66 发表于 2010-9-7 09:32



   

三哥这次提高轨道至200km,都是辐照惹的祸
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-10-13 09:23 | 显示全部楼层

印度-俄罗斯合作“月船(Chandrayaan)”2探测器

快照6.JPG
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-10-13 09:25 | 显示全部楼层

“月船(Chandrayaan)”2的着陆器结构图

快照4.JPG
头像被屏蔽
a123s 发表于 2010-10-14 10:58 | 显示全部楼层
提示: 作者被禁止或删除 内容自动屏蔽
bestman2010 发表于 2010-10-14 11:10 | 显示全部楼层
按照进度估计1012年后半年发射差不多吧?
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-12-26 10:49 | 显示全部楼层

发射的计划时间不变:2013财政年度

26/12/2010

Next moon mission in 2013-14: ISRO


Sriharikota, Dec 25 (IANS) India's next moon mission, Chandrayaan II, will be launched in 2013-14, ISRO chairman K. Radhakrishnan said here Saturday.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief made the announcement at a press conference after the failure of the GSLV rocket here Saturday.

Chandrayaan I was launched by ISRO in October 2008, and operated until August 2009.
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