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[专题] 商业航天之:Boeing(波音)的CST-100/Starliner载人飞船

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东山再起 发表于 2013-6-2 22:45 | 显示全部楼层
波音毕竟是百年老店,还是有实力的。
 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-7-2 18:14 | 显示全部楼层
航空周刊一篇综合文章,这里抽出关于Boeing的部分:主要是两方面内容,2016年的轨道演示计划没变;还有可能用SpaceX F-9发射其CST-100.
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(NASA)商业载人系统最新进展
An Update on the Commercial Crew Systems
Posted by Doug Messier on July 1, 2013, at10:25 am in News

Aviation Week has updates [here and here] onthe three competitors in NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. Brief summariesfollow.
“航空周刊”NASA商业载人计划三个竞争对手 的更新。简要总结如下。


Boeing
The company is a third of the way through13 key milestones for 2013. It has 19 milestones to complete by next spring.
波音
该公司完成了 2013年要通过13个关键的里程碑的三个之一。到明年春天它(共)有19个里程碑(需要)完成 。

Boeing is planning to launch the CST-100spacecraft on a three-day test flight in 2016.
波音公司正在计划在2016年发射CST-100航天器一个三天的测试飞行

The first two CST-100 spacecraft will belaunched on Atlas V. However, Boeing is evaluating whether the crew vehicle canbe launched on SpaceX’s Falcon 9.
前两个CST-100航天器将由阿特拉斯V发射。 但是,波音公司正在评估其载人飞船是否能由SpaceX的猎鹰9号发射


----------------------

波音,SpaceX详述太空舱测试计划
Boeing, SpaceX Detail Capsule Test Plans
July 01, 2013


As tow tests of Sierra Nevada Corp.'s DreamChaser lifting body begin in California,the two competing capsule-based contenders for NASA's commercial crew program(CCP) are running through a fast-paced series of milestones toward the start ofplanned demonstration flights.
内华达公司的追梦升力体牵引测试在加利福尼亚州开始,(另)两个以太空舱为基调去竞争NASA商业载人计划(CCP)的竞争者,正在通过一个快节奏的一系列里程碑计划,向着演示飞行前进。


While the three-way contest for NASA'scompetitive Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCAP) initiative wasalready highly charged, the outcome of the upcoming tests has become even morecrucial given increasing budget pressure. The program, which aims to develop U.S.human spacelaunch capability to succeed the now retired space shuttle, has beenslipping as Congress continues to cut funding. The shortfall has forced NASA torevise its acquisition plan that notionally calls for a request for proposalsin fiscal 2016, and first U.S.-crewed service flights to the InternationalSpace Station (ISS) in November 2017—two years later than originally planned.
虽然  为竞争 NASA商业载人集成能力(CCiCAP)的 三路竞赛 已经自发地高度紧张,(但)因为增加的预算压力,即将到来的测试结果已经更为关键。该计划,旨在开发美国 …. …

To qualify, the teams must pass a rigorous,two-phase certification process which will include at least one crewed ISSmission in fiscal 2017. However, the squeeze on funding may force the agency towinnow down the contenders sooner than originally planned, which makes theupcoming milestones all the more important.
为符合资格,这些团队必须通过一个严格的,两阶段的认证过程,其中在2017财年将包括至少一个载人ISS任务。但是,资金紧缩可能会迫使该机构 比原计划更快的剔除竞争者这使得即将到来的里程碑更重要。


Boeing, with its CST-100, still aims todemonstrate the seven-person capsule on a three-day manned orbital test flightin 2016, says John Mulholland, vice president and program manager forCommercial Programs. At the recent Space Tech Expo in Long Beach, Calif.,he said CST-100 “can be operational as soon as 2016. It is really important forNASA to maintain the 'no-later than 2017' launch date. That's the No. 1priority and I think NASA, with good reason, wants to maintain competitionthrough the next round. That would be healthy as long as you have the budget toallow that competition in the next round and still fly in 2017.”
波音,执其 CST-100,仍致力于在2016在为期三天的载人轨道 测试飞行中演示其七人太空舱,约翰·穆赫兰说,他是商业计划副总裁兼项目经理。近日在加州长滩举行的航天科技产业博览会他说:“ CST-100尽快2016年能够具有操作性。这对NASA保持'不晚于2017年发射日期是非常重要的。这是第1号的优先,并且我觉得NASA,有很好的理由,想要通过保持下一个回合的竞争。只要你有预算,允许下一个回合的竞争将是健康的,并且还在2017年飞行。”

The company is more than a third of the waythrough a series of 13 key CCiCAP program performance milestones for 2013 thatwill lead the way to an integrated critical design review (CDR) in April 2014.In all, the company must pass a total of 19 such milestones by mid-2014. Thismonth the company is set to conduct tests of the Aerojet Rocketdyne orbitalmaneuvering and attitude control thrusters, and in September will conduct a CDRof the spacecraft's primary structure. “It's the grind. This is where you get intothe final engineering release and all the focus of the team is on the baselinerelease to support the build cycle. We are making sure we can receive flightdesign hardware by the end of the calendar year,” Mulholland says.
该公司已经完成超过 2013年 CCiCAP计划一系列  13个重点 里程碑 三分之一的道路,的方案表现,这将导致通向2014年4月集成的关键设计评审(CDR)的道路。在所有的,2014年中期,公司必须通过一共19个这样的里程碑。本月该公司准备进行 Aerojet洛克达公司的轨道机动和姿态控制推进器测试,将在9月进行该航天器主要结构的CDR“这是一个苦差使。这是你在​​哪里得到进入最后工程版和所有的焦点该团队为基线版本支持构建周期。我们正在努力确保我们可以接收飞行硬件设计的末端历年“穆赫兰说。



Other milestones for this year include asupport module propulsion system critical review in August, and two events inSeptember covering a mission-control-center-interface demonstration and launchvehicle adapter CDR. The CST-100, like the Dream Chaser, is slated to launchinitially on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V (AW&ST June 3, p. 54). LastApril, Boeing completed wind-tunnel tests of a 7%-scale vehicle and adapter “tomake sure we fully understood the loads and that there were no instabilities.It went really well,” Mulholland says.
今年其他的里程碑包括8月的支撑舱段推进系统关键评审,9月 … …

Boeing's plan calls for the first twolaunches to be on an Atlas, but the company has not ruled out other launchers,including the Falcon 9 developed by CCiCAP rival Space Exploration Technologies(SpaceX). “It's got to be compatible with others and we continue to havediscussions with SpaceX because once the Falcon 9 has enough flights under itsbelt and is safe enough to fly crew, we feel we can make that businessdecision. We'll be going over [to SpaceX] soon to see what it will take to makesure our new vehicle is compatible with the Falcon 9. If the price point staysextremely attractive then that is the smart thing to do.”
波音公司计划前两次调用阿特拉斯发射,但该公司并没有排除其他发射器,包括由CCiCAP对手的太空探索技术公司研制的猎鹰9SpaceX)。它有与其他兼容的,我们将继续进行讨论
因为一旦SpaceX猎鹰9号有足够的飞行,根据其带足够安全,飞乘员,我们觉得,我们可以作出这样的业务决策。我们将去[ SpaceX]很快将采取什么,以确保我们的新车兼容猎鹰9。如果保持非常有吸引力的价格点,然后是智能的事情。


--------------

Boeing is also scheduled to conduct alaunch site preliminary design review at Cape Canaveral,looking at the launch tower design for Space Launch Complex (SLC-41B) “to makesure ULA can go and build it,” says Mulholland. In November, Boeing plans toconduct emergency detection-system standalone testing. “It is vitally importantto make sure you know when to leave the rocket and that you do not have a falsetrigger. In December we will release the multi-string flight software,” headds. A pilot-in-the-loop demonstration is set for February 2014, with asoftware CDR the following month. “We will then move to the validation phaseand flight test,” he says
波音公司还计划进行  卡纳维拉尔角 发射现场初步设计评审 ,关注太空发射联合体(SLC-41B)发射塔设计“,以确保 可以去ULA构建它,“
穆赫兰说。在11月,波音公司计划进行紧急检测系统的独立测试。“这是非常重要的,以确保你知道什么时候推动该[离开该火箭和你没有虚假触发。在12月,我们将释放多串飞行软件“
他补充道。试点循环演示设置为20142月,软件CDR下一个月。“然后,我们将验证阶段和飞行试验,”他说:


...        ...       ...     





cmj9808 发表于 2013-7-21 00:28 | 显示全部楼层
波音完成CST-100的水上回收测试
HOUSTON, July 19, 2013 – Boeing [NYSE: BA] recently demonstrated that astronauts in its Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 capsule will be able to safely exit the spacecraft during an emergency water landing.
http://boeing.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=13&item=2299

PS:这个充气小滑梯不错
MTF13-0007-230_CST100_water_med.jpg
 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-7-23 17:36 | 显示全部楼层

NASA宇航员测试波音公司
CST-100
航天器(内部)

NASA Astronauts Test Out Boeing’s CST-100Spacecraft
Posted by Doug Messier on July 22, 2013, at9:28 am in News

         

CST-100-Test-Serena-Aunon.jpg

图片: NASAastronaut climbs aboard a mock-up CST-100 spacecraft July 22 at The BoeingCompanys HoustonProduct Support Center. (Credit: NASA)
7月22日NASA宇航员爬上一艘  CST-100 航天器模型,波音公司在休斯敦的产品支持中心。 (来源: NASA)
     
NASA astronaut Serena Aunon put on hericonic orange launch-and-entry suit and climbed aboard The Boeing Company’sCST-100 mock-up to perform fit checks of the spacecraft’s interior. Aunon isone of two astronauts who will spend a few hours inside the capsule to testmaneuverability while Boeing engineers monitor communications equipment,ergonomics and crew interfaces.
NASA宇航员小威Aunon穿上她标志性的橙色 发射和进入套装,登上了波音公司 CST-100飞船模型对该航天器的内饰进行适当的检查。 Aunon是两名宇航员之一,他们将花费几个小时在太空舱里面 去 测试 操作性,与此同时波音公司的工程师监控通信设备,人体工程学和乘员接口。
…     …       …
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NASA宇航员完成 波音公司CST-100 航天器的内部测试
NASA Astronauts Complete Interior Tests ofBoeing’s CST-100 Spacecraft
Posted by Doug Messier on July 22, 2013, at8:42 pm in News

         
Two NASA astronauts conducted flight suitevaluations inside a fully outfitted test version of The Boeing Company’sCST-100 spacecraft July 22, the first time the world got a glimpse of the crewcapsule’s interior.
722,二个NASA宇航员进行了飞行服评估 在一个完全配备的波音公司CST-100 航天器测的试版本的内部,世界第一次得一窥见该乘员舱的内部。
…    …
…. …
CST-100-Interior_Mockup.jpg
This is an interior view of The BoeingCompany’s CST-100 spacecraft, which features LED lighting and tablettechnology. (Credit: NASA/Robert Markowitz)
这是波音公司CST-100 航天器的内部视图 ,设有LED照明和平板技术。 (来源: NASA /罗伯特·马科维茨)
                    
During two, four-hour sessions, astronautsSerena Aunon and Randy Bresnik put on NASA’s iconic orange launch-and-entrysuits and then individually tested their maneuverability inside the capsule.Meanwhile, Boeing engineers monitored communications, equipment and ergonomics.
在两个,四个小时的时间内,宇航员小威Aunon兰迪Bresnik的把 NASA的标志性的橙色 发射和进入套装,然后分别测试了他们的太空舱内的可操作性。与此同时,波音公司的工程师监测了通信,设备和人体工程学。
                 
…      …
The CST-100 test vehicle was optimized toseat five crew members, but the spacecraft could accommodate up to seven or amix of crew and cargo. While the spacecraft may resemble Boeing’s heritageApollo-era capsules from an exterior perspective, its interior is a reflectionof modern technology. From the ambient sky blue LED lighting and tablettechnology, the company ensured the CST-100 is a modern spacecraft.
该CST-100测试器优化为五座机组人员,但航天器最多能容纳七个,或一组乘员和货物的混合。 航天器可能类似于波音公司的遗产阿波罗时代的太空舱从外部的角度来看,其内部 是一个反映现代科技。从周围的天空蓝色LED照明和平板技术,公司保证 CST-100 是一个现代 航天器。
                  
What you’renot going to find is 1,100 or 1,600 switches,” said Ferguson. “When these guysgo up in this, they’re primary mission is not to fly this spacecraft, they’reprimary mission is to go to the space station for six months. So we don’t wantto burden them with an inordinate amount of training to fly this vehicle. Wewant it to be intuitive.”
“你不会找到什么是1,1001,600交换机” “弗格森说。”“当这些家伙上去,他们的主要任务是飞 航天器,他们的首要任务是去空间站驻留6个月。因此,我们不希望他们负担过多的培训去驾驶这个飞船。我们希望它是直观的。“
                    
Other innovative element of the CST-100 isits weld-free design, modern structures and upgraded thermal protectiontechniques. The company said its spun-formed shell reduces the overall mass ofthe spacecraft as well as the time it takes to build the crew capsule. “I’mreally a looking forward to the day when we will be bringing our Expeditioncrew members home and I won’t need a passport or a visa to go to the landingsite and greet them as they come off the vehicle,” Lueders said.
CST-100的其他创新元素是,它是无焊接设计,现代化的结构和热保护技术升级。该公司表示,其纺型外壳降低了航天器的整体质量,以及打造该乘员舱所花费的时间。“我真的是期待着有一天,当我们将带来我们的科考机组人员家,我不会需要护照或签证登陆网站去迎接他们,因为他们的运载器脱落,”...Lueders
     



 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-7-26 15:14 | 显示全部楼层

波音新型载人飞船测试:现代科技感十足
2013年07月25日 08:16   新浪科技 .

   


                               
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  这是波音公司CST-100飞船内部照片,该飞船广泛采用环绕型天蓝色LED照明以及平板电脑技术等现代技术


           

                               
登录/注册后可看大图
美国宇航局的宇航员正在与波音公司的工程师进行沟通


   
                        
美国宇航员赛伦纳·奥能准备进入飞船


                               
登录/注册后可看大图
美国宇航员兰迪·布莱斯尼克正准备进入飞船


               
  新浪科技讯 北京时间7月25日消息,据美国宇航局网站报道,7月22日,两位美国宇航员在波音公司研发的CST-100飞船内部进行了着装飞行状态评估测试,这是首次外界有机会一窥这种新型载人飞船的内部景象
   
   
  美国宇航局商业载人飞行项目(CCP)执行主管凯西·鲁德斯(Kathy Lueders)表示:“宇航员们都非常享受走出舱门之后再回头欣赏这艘飞船的过程,并与制造商分享他们的体会。”

   
  波音公司是美国参加到宇航局“商业载人飞行整合能力项目”(CCiCap)中的承包商之一。该项目的目的是发展一种安全可靠并且价格相对低廉的载人天地往返运输系统,从而能让政府和商业客户实现商业化航天飞行成为可能。

   
  在两次分别持续4小时的测试中,美国宇航员赛伦纳·奥能(Serena Aunon)和兰迪·布莱斯尼克(Randy Bresnik)身着美国宇航局标志性的橘色发射宇航服分别独立对飞船的可操控性进行了测试。与此同时,波音公司的工程师们对飞船的通讯,设备以及人机工程设计进行检测。

     
  波音公司载人及任务控制部门主管,前美国宇航员克里斯·菲尔古森(Chris Ferguson)表示:“这些是我们的客户。他们将是真正乘坐这艘飞船进入太空的人,因此如果我们没有按照他们的愿望来建造这艘飞船,那就是我们的失职。”他说:“接下来我们可能还需要组织一次这样的测试以便确保一切都是按照他们的设想配置的。”
   
     
  CST-100测试舱经过改进,可以乘坐5名乘员,但是整个飞船实际上可以容纳7名乘员,或者也可以将乘员和货物混编。尽管从外部观察,这艘波音公司研发的新型飞船可能与当年的阿波罗飞船有些许相似,但是你只要看一眼它的内部,就会深深感受到现代科技的体现。从环绕型天蓝色LED照明以及平板电脑技术的广泛应用,波音公司誓将CST-100打造成一艘现代化的飞船。

   
  菲尔古森表示:“在这艘飞船里你找不到以前那些动不动就是1100个或是1600个的各色按钮。当宇航员们搭乘这艘飞船,他们的主要目的不是要来驾驶这艘飞船,他们的主要任务是要前往国际空间站并在那里生活工作半年时间。因此我们不想让繁杂的飞船操作训练来增加他们的负担。我们希望仅凭着下意识的直觉就能够操控这艘飞船。”

      
  CST-100飞船所体现出来的其它创新之处还包括全船无焊接设计,现代结构以及升级版的热控制技术方案。波音公司声称这种一体化设计降低了飞船整体重量,并加快了舱体的制造速度。鲁德斯表示:“我希望新型飞船能够尽快投入使用,从而让美国恢复载人航天运载系统。因为我可不想当我们的宇航员完成任务返回地球时,我还得要去申请签证才能去他们的着陆地点欢迎他们。”(晨风)

  



liao68811 发表于 2013-7-26 17:17 | 显示全部楼层
波音毕竟是百年老店,还是有实力的。

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参与人数 1积分 -5 收起 理由
cmj9808 -5 多次引用其他网友发言

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rhZhao 发表于 2013-7-26 19:44 | 显示全部楼层
hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-7-26 15:14
波音新型载人飞船测试:现代科技感十足2013年07月25日 08:16   新浪科技 .

   

想问问在座舱内使用商用电子元件应该没问题吧?
微风 发表于 2013-7-26 19:59 | 显示全部楼层
我想看看这个飞机的样子啊 着飞船和新787 737等有一腿%
 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-8-14 19:23 | 显示全部楼层
这里有个视频,可以动态地看看CST-100的内部

http://www.parabolicarc.com/2013/08/13/video-report-boeings-cst100-spacecraft/


 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-9-21 09:27 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 hkhtg090201 于 2013-9-21 09:47 编辑

二条里程碑进展信息:
1. 原定2013-09完成的第12个:MissionControl Center interface Demonstration - 任务控制中心界面演示
2. 和原定2013-07完成的第09个:Orbital Maneuvering & Attitude Control(OMAC) Engine Development -轨道机动和姿态控制发动机开发


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波音完成任务控制中心接口测试
Boeing Completes Mission Control Center Interface Test
Sept 13, 2013
Rebecca Regan,   John F. Kennedy Space Center

For the first time, the Mission ControlCenter (MCC) at NASA's Johnson Space Centerin Houston hastested communications with a commercial, crew-capable spacecraft, as The BoeingCompany conducted an interface test between the MCC and software planned forthe company's CST-100 spacecraft.
…      …      
…        …       …


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NASA商业合作伙伴波音公司测试 CST -100航天器的推进器
NASA Commercial Partner Boeing TestsCST-100 Spacecraft Thrusters
Sept 20, 2013  RELEASE 13-289

Boeing's CST-100 spacecraft is one stepcloser to liftoff after a gauntlet of test firings of its steering jets at White Sands Space Harborin Las Cruces, N.M.
波音公司 的CST -100航天器进一步接近升空,(时间是)其转向喷射装置在一个严酷的测试点火考验后,(地点是)在拉斯克鲁塞斯,N.M 的 白沙太空港.。

Boeing and Aerojet Rocketdyne recentlycompleted the tests, which simulated the demanding environment of space. The tests assessed how the thrusters -- which fire with 1,500 pounds of force --will speed up, slow down and move the spacecraft while carrying NASA astronautsin Earth’s orbit.
波音公司和 Aerojet Rocketdyne公司最近完成了一个测试,就是模拟空间要求苛刻的环境。测试评估该推进器 – (它)进行了1500磅的点火推动 - 将如何加快、减缓和移动航天器,(该航天器)在地球的轨道搭乘着NASA宇航员。

   
...         老话和套话            ...

   

The CST-100's orbital maneuvering andattitude control (OMAC) system has 24 thrusters, giving it the ability toperform critical maneuvers in space such as those required to refine theCST-100's orbit, as well as the braking maneuver near the end of a mission thatslows the spacecraft down before re-entry. The OMAC thrusters will bejettisoned when the service module is released from the capsule just beforere-entry. Positioned in four clusters of six on the service module of thespacecraft, the thrusters could steer the spacecraft in case an emergency callsfor it to separate from its rocket during launch or ascent.
      这个CST-100的轨道机动和姿态控制系统 OMAC )有24个推进器,使它能够在太空执行关键的机动,比如那些优化CST -100轨道的需求,以及任务接近尾声时的制动机动,减慢 航天器,然后再再入。当太空舱刚刚再入之前服务舱被释放时,该OMAC推进器将被抛弃(它们)被安置在该航天器服务舱的六组中的四组中,这些推进器可以引导航天器在一个紧急情况下,被要求在发射或上升期间从它的火箭分离

During the tests, the OMAC thrusters werefired in a vacuum chamber that simulated the space-like environment at analtitude of 100,000 feet. These evaluations put the thrusters through the burnsand stresses they would encounter during a real flight. Engineers equipped thejets with a host of instruments to measure changes in the smallest components.
     在测试过程中,这些OMAC推进器在真空室中点火,模拟海拔10万英尺空间环境。这些将通过推进器的点火和压力评估,他们会遇到一个真正的飞行过程。工程师装备喷嘴与一个仪器主机的来测量最小组件的变化。

"The CST-100 OMAC thrusters are anexample of leveraging proven flight hardware solutions to ensure missionsupportability," said John Mulholland, Boeing vice president and managerfor commercial programs. "We are very pleased with the data collectedduring this second series of tests and with our overall team performance as wecontinue to progress through CCiCap milestones on time and on budget."
       “ 该CST-100的 OMAC推进器是一个杠杆范例,证明了飞行硬件的解决方案,以确保任务的可忍受性” 约翰·穆赫兰说,波音公司副总裁兼商业计划管理。“我们很高兴收集到本次一系列的测试的数据,并与我们的整体团队表现,我们将继续按时和按预算前进,通过CCiCap里程碑。 “


Previous tests of the OMAC thrustersverified their durability in extreme heat, evaluated the opening and closing oftheir valves and confirmed continuous combustion and performance. Designers areusing the results of these tests to validate or adjust their complex computer modelsthat predict how a thruster and spacecraft will work during a mission.
        OMAC推进器之前的测试验证了其在极端热(环境下的)耐用性,评估了他们阀的打开和关闭,并确认连续燃烧性能。设计师正在利用这些测试的结果来验证或调整其推进器以及复杂的计算机模型,预测一个推进器和航天器在任务期间将如何工作。


"The OMAC engines met CCiCap testobjectives," said Terry Lorier, Aerojet Rocketdyne's CST-100 ServiceModule Propulsion Program manager. "Aerojet Rocketdyne and Boeing are bothpleased with the results and look forward to continuing our partnership."
      “OMAC发动机满足了CCiCap的测试目标,” 特里Lorier说,他是Aerojet Rocketdyne公司的 CST -100 服务舱推进的项目经理。“ Aerojet Rocketdyne公司和波音公司都对结果感到满意,并期待着继续我们的合作伙伴关系。“

With the completion of its ninth milestone,Boeing is on track to meet all 20 of its CCiCap milestones by summer 2014. Allof NASA's industry partners, including Boeing, continue to meet theirestablished milestones in developing commercial crew transportationcapabilities.
      随着第九个里程碑的完成,波音在按计划运行,以满足到2014年的夏天所有20个CCiCap里程碑。…    …   

For more information about NASA'sCommercial Crew Program and its aerospace industry partners, visit:
http://www.nasa.gov/commercialcrew







padamsli 发表于 2013-10-24 22:26 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 padamsli 于 2013-10-24 23:58 编辑

http://weibo.com/boeingchina

波音已经与佛罗里达航天局达成协议,将利用肯尼迪航天中心的厂房制造CST-100飞船。该厂房曾被用于停放航天飞机,经改建可以满足生产CST-100飞船的要求。CST-100飞船最多可运载6名宇航员,用于将宇航员和货物运送到近地轨道位置,预计于2016年进行首次试射。

7363c23egw1e9v7l6fejej21kw16o4fs.jpg
mir-2 发表于 2013-10-26 11:07 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 mir-2 于 2013-10-26 11:12 编辑
padamsli 发表于 2013-10-24 22:26
http://weibo.com/boeingchina

波音已经与佛罗里达航天局达成协议,将利用肯尼迪航天中心的厂房制造CST- ...

http://www.spacenews.com/article ... 00-construction\"\"  
Boeing Finalizes Lease of Former Shuttle Hangar for CST-100 Construction

By Dan Leone | Oct. 23, 2013
ShuttleHangar_NASA02.jpg

WASHINGTON — Almost two years after announcing plans to build its crew-carrying CST-100 spacecraft in an old space shuttle hangar at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, Boeing Space Exploration finalized its lease on the building, the company said.

In October 2011, Boeing Space Exploration of Houston unveiled plans to lease the Orbiter Processing Facility-3 from Space Florida, the state’s aerospace economic development agent, to build capsules it hopes will be used to ferry astronauts to the international space station beginning in 2017. Space Florida leased the hangar from NASA to save it from demolition after the space shuttle program ended in July 2011.

Boeing still has not moved into the building, now called the Commercial Crew and Cargo Processing Facility, which is in the midst of a two-part renovation by Space Florida. The first round of work wrapped up in February; the second began in September. Boeing expects to move in by “spring 2014,” the company said in an Oct. 22 press release.

Boeing is one of three companies competing to become NASA’s post-shuttle provider of astronaut transportation to and from the space station under the agency’s Commercial Crew Program. In the third round of this program, which is set to wrap up in August, Boeing, Sierra Nevada Space Systems and Space Exploration Technologies Corp. split $1.1 billion in NASA funding for development work on their respective spacecraft designs.

Boeing received the largest award, $460 million, for the CST-100. The capsule would launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket. If the company receives funding under the fourth round of the program — this would fund final spacecraft development and testing, and initial astronaut missions to the space station — Boeing plans to launch a crewed CST-100 test flight in 2016.

NASA has drawn up a draft solicitation for the fourth funding round, which is known as Commercial Crew Integrated Capability. Prior to the 16-day government shutdown that began Oct. 1, the agency had expected to release a final solicitation in October, with at least one award to follow in the summer.
 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-12-17 04:41 | 显示全部楼层

CST-100中止发动机 完成开发测试
   
Aerojet Rocketdyne Completes Development Testing of CST-100 Abort Engine   
Posted   by   Doug Messieron December 16, 2013, at 12:13 pm  in News
. Tags: abort system, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Boeing, commercial crew, human spaceflight, NASA. Comments: no responses   0 Comments
   




   
CST-100 engine test

  
  SACRAMENTO, Calif., Dec. 16, 2013 (Aerojet Rocketdyne PR) — Aerojet Rocketdyne, a GenCorp company (NYSE:GY), announced today that it completed development testing of a flight-like Launch Abort Engine (LAE) for an innovative “pusher” launch abort system on The Boeing Company’s CST-100 spacecraft.
The launch abort engine is a critical component of future commercial crew transportation to low-Earth orbit. A pusher launch abort system “pushes” or propels a spacecraft toward safety if a launch abort is needed and, if unused for an abort, the propellant can be used for other portions of the mission.
“In the past several weeks, the Aerojet Rocketdyne team conducted a series of eight tests on two Launch Abort Engines meeting or exceeding all test parameters,” said Aerojet Rocketdyne Program Manager, Terry Lorier. “The tests demonstrated engine performance for multiple mission duty cycles and proved operation and durability under extreme operating conditions. The success of this most recent test series clears the way for our team to proceed into qualification and production of the engine in the next phase of the program.”
The tests series was conducted at a test facility near Mojave, Calif., with each engine operating at its maximum thrust of 39,000 pounds. The LAE has the distinction of being derived from proven reliable heritage engine systems and utilizes a simple modular design, which is affordable, easy to fabricate and has demonstrated durability and performance.
“This final round of development testing for the abort engines was a big step in verifying they can perform like we anticipated,” said Boeing Vice President of Commercial Programs, John Mulholland. “We’re looking forward to certification testing.”
Boeing is advancing the design of the CST-100 under a Commercial Crew Integrated Capability Space Act Agreement with NASA’s Commercial Crew Program. When development is completed, the vehicle will be capable of transporting people to future low-Earth orbit destinations and potentially the International Space Station. Aerojet Rocketdyne is operating under a fixed price contract to Boeing having completed the final development demonstration of the LAE for Boeing’s CST-100 spacecraft. This testing preceded Boeing’s Service Module Propulsion System critical design review with NASA in November.
Aerojet Rocketdyne is a world-recognized aerospace and defense leader providing propulsion and energetics to the space, missile defense and strategic systems, tactical systems and armaments areas, in support of domestic and international markets. GenCorp is a diversified company that provides innovative solutions that create value for its customers in the aerospace and defense, energy and real estate markets. Additional information about Aerojet Rocketdyne and GenCorp can be obtained by visiting the companies’ websites at www.Rocket.com and www.GenCorp.com.


AKANG 发表于 2013-12-17 15:24 | 显示全部楼层
看上去乘坐很舒适。
楠宫晓风vn 发表于 2013-12-17 17:02 | 显示全部楼层
hkhtg090201 发表于 2013-12-17 04:41
CST-100中止发动机 完成开发测试
   Aerojet Rocketdyne Completes Development Testing of CST-100 Abo ...

CST100也是逃逸塔内置?
楠宫晓风vn 发表于 2013-12-17 17:04 | 显示全部楼层
hkhtg090201 发表于 2012-6-27 09:32
近日,CTS-100 完成一个推进测试(ccdev-2的 第13个里程碑:OMAC--轨道机动与(终止?姿态?)控制).
  ...

应该是轨道机动与逃逸发动机。
逃逸塔意译就是发射中止装置,这个应该也能翻译成逃逸发动机……
和龙一个思路啊……
 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2014-2-14 16:35 | 显示全部楼层
完成2个里程碑。


Boeing Achieves 2 More Commercial Crew Milestones
  
  on February 13, 2014, at 6:28 pm
   




This is a fully outfitted test version of The Boeing Company’s CST-100 at the company’s Houston Product Support Center in Texas. (Credit:
NASA/Robert Markowitz)


HOUSTON, Feb. 13, 2014 — Boeing’s [NYSE: BA] Commercial Crew Program (CCP) recently completed a hardware design review and software safety test, bringing it closer to launching the Crew Space Transportation (CST)-100 spacecraft that will return Americans to space.
  
Boeing completed a Critical Design Review for the the system’s Launch Vehicle Adapter (LVA), which connects CST-100 to the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. The CDR, which included wind tunnel tests verifying flight stability, confirmed that the LVA design is suitable for production.
   
   Separately, the Atlas V rocket’s emergency detection system, which communicates with the capsule and initiates emergency procedures, if needed, passed its evaluation.
   
   “Safety is a key element of the CST-100, from the drawing board to design implementation and beyond,” said John Mulholland, vice president and program manager, Boeing Commercial Programs. “These tests help to validate that the launch vehicle adapter and emergency detection system are fully functioning and able to ensure a safe launch for our future passengers.”
   
     These two milestones are part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) agreement with Boeing. Next in line for the program is a software review this spring and the more comprehensive Integrated CDR this summer. Boeing is on track to meet all 20 of its CCiCap milestones in 2014.
  
    Visit www.beyondearth.com for more information about the future of human space exploration.
  
   A unit of The Boeing Company, Boeing Defense, Space & Security is one of the world’s largest defense, space and security businesses specializing in innovative and capabilities-driven customer solutions, and the world’s largest and most versatile manufacturer of military aircraft. Headquartered in St. Louis, Boeing Defense, Space & Security is a $33 billion business with 58,000 employees worldwide. Follow us on Twitter: @BoeingDefense.
Boeing’s Commercial Crew Milestones Status
Award Period: August 2012 – August 2014Milestones: 20
Milestones Completed: 15
Milestones Remaining: 5
Total Possible Award: $480 Million
Total Award to Date: $404.5 MillionTotal Award Remaining: $75.5 Million
No.
Description
Original Date
Status
Amount
1.
Integrated System Review. Boeing shall conduct an Integrated Systems Review (ISR) which establishes and demonstrates a baseline design of the Commercial Crew Transportation System (CCTS) integrated vehicle and operations that meets system requirements.
August 2012
Complete
$50 Million
2.
Boeing shall conduct a Production Design Review which establishes the baseline plan, equipment, and infrastructure for performing the manufacture, assembly, and acceptance testing of the CST-100 spacecraft.
October 2012
Complete
$51.7 Million
3.
Safety Review Board. Boeing shall prepare and conduct a Phase 1 Safety Review of the CCTS Preliminary Design Review (PDR) level requirements, vehicle architecture and design, and associated safety products to assess conformance with NASA Crew Transportation System certification process (PDR-level products).
November 2012
Complete
$25.2 Million
4.
Software Integrated Engineering Release 2.0. Boeing shall demonstrate the software release [REDACTED] closed loop with guidance, Navigation & Control (GN &C) for the flight ascent phase.
January 2013
Complete
$20.4 Million
5.
Landing & Recovery / Ground Communication Design Review. Boeing shall conduct a Landing & Recovery / Ground Communication Design Review which establishes the baseline plan, for equipment, and infrastructure for conducting CST-100 spacecraft flight operations fulfilling both ground communications and landing and recovery operations.
January 2013
Complete
$28.8 Million
6.
Launch Vehicle Adapter (LVA) Preliminary Design Review (PDR). The LVA PDR demonstrates that the preliminary design meets requirements with acceptable risk and within the cost and schedule constraints and establishes the basis for proceeding with detailed design.
February 2013
Complete
$45.5 Million
7.
Integrated Stack Buffet Wind Tunnel Test. Boeing shall develop a test matrix, fabricate the necessary test models, and perform an integrated launch vehicle force and moment wind tunnel test to validate predictions on integrated Crew Module (CM)/Service Module (SM)/Launch Vehicle (LV) stack for ascent.
April 2013
Complete
$37.8 Million
8.
Dual Engine Centaur (DEC) Liquid Oxygen Duct Development Test. Boeing shall complete a Dual Engine Centaur Liquid Oxygen Duct Development Test.
May 2013
Complete
$21.5 Million
9.
Orbital Maneuvering and Attitude Control (OMAC) Engine Development Test. Boeing shall complete the OMAC Engine development test to support component, subsystem and CST-100 vehicle level development.
July 2013
Complete
$50.2 Million
11.
Service Module Propulsion System Critical Design Review. Boeing shall perform a Service Module (SM) Propulsion System Critical Design Review (CDR) after major SM Propulsion components have completed their individual CDR. CDR confirms that the requirements, detailed designs, and plans for test and evaluation form a satisfactory basis for production and integration.
November 2013
Complete
$7.5 Million
12.
Mission Control Center Interface Demonstration Test. The Mission Control Center (MCC) Interface Demonstration Test demonstrates the linkage between the MCC and the Boeing Avionics Software Integration Facility which is a precursor to integrated simulation capability for flight operations training.
September 2013
Complete
$7.9 Million
15.
Certification Plan Review. Boeing shall complete a review of the CCTS Certification Plan which defines our strategy leading to a crewed flight test.
November 2013
Complete
$5.8 Million
16.
Avionics Software Integration Lab (ASIL) Multi-String Demonstration Test. Boeing shall demonstrate the [REDACTED] flight software closed loop with GN&C for the flight ascent phase.
December 2013
Complete
$24.9 Million
13.
Launch Vehicle Adapter Critical Design Review. Boeing shall complete a Launch Vehicle Adapter (LVA) Critical Design Review (CDR). CDR confirms that the requirements, detailed designs, and plans for test and evaluation form a satisfactory basis for production and integration.
September 2013
Complete
$13.5 Million
14.
Emergency Detection System (EDS) Standalone Testing. Boeing shall complete the Initial EDS Testing – Launch Vehicle Stand-alone.
October 2013
Complete
$13.8 Million
TOTAL TO DATE
(OUT OF $480 MILLION):
$404.5 Million
10.
Spacecraft Primary Structures Critical Design Review (CDR). A Spacecraft Primary Structures CDR confirms that the requirements, detailed designs, and plans for test and evaluation form a satisfactory basis for fabrication, assembly and structural testing.
October 2013
Pending
$8.6 Million
17.
Pilot-in-the-loop Demonstration. Boeing shall demonstrate key hardware/software interfaces for Manual Flight Control meets requirements, including operational scenarios and failure modes.
February 2014
Pending
$13.9 Million
18.
Software Critical Design Review. Boeing shall conduct a Spacecraft Software CDR. CDR confirms that the requirements, detailed designs, and plans for test and evaluation form a satisfactory basis for flight software development, verification, and delivery.
March 2014
Pending
$15.1 Million
19.
Critical Design Review (CDR) Board. Boeing shall establish and demonstrate a critical baseline design of the CCTS that meets system requirements. CDR confirms that the requirements, detailed designs, and plans for test and evaluation form a satisfactory basis for production and integration.
April 2014
Pending
$17.9 Million
21A.
Boeing Spacecraft Safety Review. Boeing shall prepare and conduct a Phase 2 Safety Review of the Commercial Crew Transportation System (CCTS) Spacecraft Critical Design Review (CDR) level requirements, system architecture and design, and associated safety products to assess conformance with Commercial Crew Transportation System certification process (CDR-level products). Focus is review of the updated hazard reports, hazard causes and controls, and specific safety verification methods to reflect the CDR level of design detail forthe CCTS Spacecraft Segment.
July 2014
Pending
$20 Million
TOTAL:
$480 Million




 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2014-3-14 06:48 | 显示全部楼层
   1.  上些日子,完成第17个里程碑 - Pilot-in-the-loop Demonstration.
   

   2. 一张内部加压舱图片
   

CST-100_pressure_vessel.jpg


wsl2005 发表于 2014-4-26 10:41 | 显示全部楼层
padamsli 发表于 2014-5-30 12:40 | 显示全部楼层
波音与三星携手为航天员打造太空APP
来源: 凤凰网        日期:2014/05/29

日前,波音与三星正在携手为航天员重新设计移动应用,将其融入计划于2017年1月首飞的波音CST-100太空船。波音希望利用移动技术帮助在轨道航行的航天员分享自己的经历,充分利用好在太空的时间。
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