航空航天港

 找回密码
 注册会员

QQ登录

只需一步,快速开始

楼主: jingyan66
收起左侧

[任务跟踪] Soyuz-ST在库鲁的首射:2011年10月21日18:30Galileo IOV1/2由Soyuz-ST自库鲁发射成功

[复制链接]
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-1-16 15:28 | 显示全部楼层

欧空局未确定“联盟”火箭在圭亚那的首飞日期

2009-01-16


    [据《国际飞行》杂志2009年1月15日报道]俄罗斯“联盟”火箭从法国航天局(CNES)圭亚那航天中心进行首次发射的日期仍未确定,但是欧空局仍计划在2009年晚些时候执行此项任务。

    “联盟”火箭最开始计划于2007年在圭亚那航天中心进行首次发射,后推迟至2008年,又由于俄罗斯硬件延期2个月送达而推迟到2009年下半年。

    欧空局、法国航天局和俄罗斯联邦航天局最初于2003年达成协议,同意从圭亚那地区的辛纳马利(Sinnamary)发射场发射“联盟”-2-1a和“联盟”-2-1b型号火箭。

    欧空局多尔丹表示,希望能够在2009年发射“联盟”火箭,因为2010年6月辛纳马利发射场将发射多颗“伽利略”导航卫星。为完成“伽利略”卫星的部署,欧洲需要“联盟”-2-1b火箭,并需要在8月前开始辛纳马利发射场的升级。

    2009年,法属圭亚那航天中心还将执行意大利领导的“织女星”四级运载火箭的首次发射。该任务计划于11月或12月进行,但多尔丹表示发射可能会延迟至2010年。不过“联盟”号火箭的延迟与“织女星”发射日期变更无关。

    多尔丹将在未来几周会见俄罗斯航天局官员,商讨从俄罗斯购买宇航员在空间站上的活动时间。欧空局曾向俄罗斯购买过国际空间站上的活动时间,德裔宇航员托马斯•瑞特(Thomas Reiter)在2006年7月~12月在空间站上工作。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-2-19 18:14 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-2-19 18:16 编辑

欧空局一段有关在库鲁航天中心建造“联盟”-ST火箭发射台的任务框架的视频:
http://link.brightcove.com/services/link/bcpid12786642001/bctid13472879001
naugty 发表于 2009-2-19 19:49 | 显示全部楼层
标准GTO轨道
近地点 250
远地点 35786
进地幅角 178
倾角 7

第二级为RD-0110时,运载能力为2770KG,换成RD-0124,运载能力为3060

soyuz-st用户手册 http://www.arianespace.com/launc ... nual_CSG_June06.pdf
naugty 发表于 2009-2-19 19:51 | 显示全部楼层
Ariane 5, H-IIA还有在库鲁发射的soyuz打GTO时近地点都是250。。。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-2-20 10:40 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-2-20 10:48 编辑

Installation of the Soyuz launch system begins at Europe’s Spaceport(联盟火箭发射系统开始在欧空局的库鲁航天中心安装)

February 19, 2009

Construction of Soyuz’ new French Guiana operating site has reached a major milestone with the installation start-up for its launch system – which will support and service the vehicle when it is erected for liftoff.

This activity began with the placement of a multi-segment steel ring inset – known as the support crown – on the Soyuz’ concrete launch pad. It was followed by the mounting of the first of two umbilical masts, which are positioned atop the crown.

Our pictures detail the initial steps in the launch system’s installation, as activity progresses toward completion of the Soyuz launch site later this year.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-2-20 10:54 | 显示全部楼层
Installation of the Soyuz launch system begins at Europe’s Spaceport(联盟火箭发射系统开始在欧空局的库鲁航天中心安装)
February 19, 2009

Construction of Soyuz’ new French Guiana operating site has ...
jingyan66 发表于 2009-2-20 10:40



“联盟”ST火箭发射台建设安装的图片
vega-soyuz-feb09-1-lg.jpg vega-soyuz-feb09-2a-lg.jpg vega-soyuz-feb09-2-lg.jpg vega-soyuz-feb09-4-lg.jpg vega-soyuz-feb09-5-lg.jpg vega-soyuz-feb09-6-lg.jpg vega-soyuz-feb09-7-lg.jpg
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-2-20 10:59 | 显示全部楼层
26# jingyan66


最后一幅图是“联盟”-ST火箭发射台下面的排焰沟,长123m、宽149m
calendfans 发表于 2009-3-28 17:00 | 显示全部楼层
欧航局与法国航天机构签署合作协议
http://www.sina.com.cn  2009年03月28日 10:52  新华网
  新华网巴黎 3月27日电(记者 李学梅)欧洲航天局27日宣布,该机构日前与法国航天研究中心签署了一项协议,以加强双方在使用法属圭亚那库鲁航天中心和开发运载火箭方面的合作。

  欧航局当天发表公报说,该合作协议涉及金额4.35亿欧元。协议规定,欧航局可以在2009年到2013年间继续利用法属圭亚那库鲁航天中心从事发射和研究活动,协议双方还将就阿丽亚娜火箭、俄罗斯“联盟”火箭和意大利Vega火箭的发射进行合作。

  欧航局早在1975年就与法国签署了类似协议,此后一直续签至今。欧航局说,这种合作为欧洲航天的稳步发展提供了保障。据悉,阿丽亚娜火箭、“联盟”火箭和Vega火箭今后都将从法属圭亚那库鲁航天中心发射升空
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-4-7 20:52 | 显示全部楼层
俄将于今年年底首发“联盟-ST”火箭  
2009年04月07日 18:07:43  来源:新华网  

    新华网莫斯科4月7日电(记者聂云鹏)俄罗斯火箭科研生产部门7日宣布,俄将于今年年底在法属圭亚那库鲁航天发射中心首次发射“联盟-ST”型运载火箭。

    “联盟-ST”型运载火箭是在“联盟-2”新型火箭基础上发展而来的。当天在俄罗斯萨马拉市举行的国际航空航天论坛上,俄火箭科研生产部门负责人基
里林宣布,“联盟-ST”将于今年12月28日从法属圭亚那库鲁航天发射中心首次发射升空。

    他介绍说,目前“联盟-ST”火箭生产已经完工,火箭的发射调试工作也将于今年9月完成,俄方将保证火箭在库鲁航天中心如期发射。

    库鲁航天中心位于南美洲的法属圭亚那,濒临赤道海域。在此进行航天发射可以达到在俄罗斯普列谢茨克发射场和哈萨克斯坦拜科努尔发射场所无法实现的轨道倾角,因此可将俄火箭的运载能力提高近30%。

    俄罗斯和法国于2003年11月份签署政府间协议,自库鲁发射场发射俄“联盟”运载火箭,以填补欧洲“阿丽亚娜-4”型火箭退役后欧洲中型运载火箭的空白。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-8 09:22 | 显示全部楼层

圭亚那航天中心将接收移动门式起重机

Guiana Space Center is Looking Forward to Receiving the Mobile Gauntry


31-03-2009
index.jpg
Mobile service gauntry is one of the components for the Soyuz launch complex in Guiana Space Center, Kourou, French Guiana. The gauntry is being assembled in Roscosmos test center, NITs RKP. The gautry is 55m high; the weight of its metallic structures is 560 t.

On March 28, Alexander Chulkov, Chief of Roscosmos Directorate, held test readiness review with the technical management in NITs RKP, Peresvet. The meeting concluded about gauntry`s readiness for the workshop tests to start on April 3.

After these tests, the gauntry is to be disassembled, outfitted in line with the tropical operation requirements and shipped to CSG.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-8 09:24 | 显示全部楼层

“联盟”(Soyuz)-ST首射:12月28日

"Soyuz-ST" for the first time will be launched from Kourou on 28 December

13:11 07/04/2009

SAMARA, April 7 - RIA Novosti, Elena Bubnova. The first launch launcher "Soyuz-ST" from the Guiana Space Center spaceport, located in French Guiana, is scheduled for December 28, reported Tuesday at the opening of the Samara Aerospace Forum General Director TSSKB Progress Alexander Kirilina.

"At the moment, more than 100 professionals engaged in assembling a set to launch Soyuz-ST". In September, we must finish the start-up operations and has determined the date of first launch. On December 28, we must ensure that the first launch from the Guiana Space Center, "- said Kirilina .

According to him, "Soyuz-ST" adapted to the Guiana Space Center for Security, Telemetry, under the terms of use. The developers have integrated marine transportation launcher and climatic conditions at the cosmodrome.

As previously reported by press service TSSKB Progress, sending the first two launcher at Kourou is scheduled for summer 2009.

Kourou Space Center, or the Guiana Space Center, located in French Guiana (South America), 50 kilometers from the city of Cayenne - between the towns and Kourou Sannmari on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, is intended primarily for output to the orbit of geostationary satellites.

Thanks GKTS location in the equatorial area of the Earth's to modernize Russian rocket Soyuz-ST "will be able to put into orbit heavier satellites than when launching from Baikonur and Plesetsk.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-18 17:01 | 显示全部楼层
Arianespace Japan Week 2009

Tokyo, April 17, 2009

Founded in 1980, Arianespace was the world’s first commercial launch service company. At Japan Week 2009, it confirms its position as the world’s leading launch Service & Solutions provider.

Arianespace continues to set the pace

During the past year, Arianespace carried out seven Ariane 5 and one Soyuz launch, successfully orbiting 13 geostationary satellites and the first Jules Verne ATV (Automated Transfer Vehicle) to the International Space Station. Over this period it lofted nearly 65,000 kg into orbit.

With 29 successful launches in a row, Ariane 5 has amply confirmed its technical maturity. Ariane 5 is the only commercial launcher in service today capable of simultaneously launching two payloads, while delivering outstanding performance, flexibility and competitiveness to all Arianespace customers.

2008: “Year of Ariane”

Since being created in 1980, Arianespace has won over 300 launch Service & Solutions contracts. Arianespace has launched 267 satellites for 72 customers, accounting for more than half of the commercial satellites now in service worldwide.

Despite the global economic crisis, Arianespace logged remarkable commercial performance during the year, winning 13 contracts out of a total of 18 open to competition, and consolidating its world leadership. Furthermore, Arianespace was chosen to launch the entire Galileo constellation.

2009: “Year of the Arianespace family”

Since the beginning of the year, Arianespace has already won 7 new launch contracts, for Hispasat 1E, Arabsat 5C & Badr 7, Yamal 401 & 402, Intelsat New Dawn, JCSAT-13.

By offering a family of reliable, available launchers, Arianespace has signed more than half of the commercial launch contracts open to competition in the world market over the last two years. Today, Arianespace has the largest order book in the industry:

32 satellites to be launched into geostationary transfer orbit, using Ariane 5 or Soyuz for the smaller spacecraft,
8 government launches by Ariane 5, including 6 ATV launches,
7 dedicated Soyuz launches.
Continued leadership

On January 30, Arianespace signed a contract with EADS-Astrium for the production of 35 Ariane 5 ECA launchers (the PB batch).

This contract confirms the commitment of Arianespace and the entire European space industry to ensuring the long-term availability, reliability and competitiveness of Ariane 5. It will guarantee independent access to space for Europe, while giving Arianespace customers the best launch Service & Solutions in the world.

In addition to the 4 Soyuz launchers already on order, a new batch of 10 launchers was ordered, so that operations from the Guiana Space Centre could start with sufficient resources to meet market requirements.

Increased launch rate

In 2009 Arianespace plans to carry out 7 or 8 Ariane 5 launches (including the successful launch on February 12), along with the first Soyuz launch at the Guiana Space Center.

On May 6, Arianespace will launch the Herschel space telescope and the Planck scientific observatory, followed shortly by the launch of TerreStar-1, the largest commercial communications satellite ever built.

Soyuz and Vega at the Guiana Space Centre

Civil engineering work on the Soyuz launch pad at the Guiana Space Center in French Guiana has been completed, and the Russian-built infrastructure components are now being installed by Russian personnel. These operations are proceeding on schedule.

The refurbishment of the ELA-1 launch pad for the Vega light launcher is nearly finished, with initial tests of the mobile gantry. Vega is slated to start commercial service from the Guiana Space Center in 2010

Arianespace and Japan

With the signature of the JCSAT-13 launch contract, Arianespace has now won 27 out of the 36 contracts open to competition in Japan, and has also launched the LDREX 1 and 2 payloads for JAXA.

At the same time, Arianespace and MHI have developed a particularly intense collaboration, initially through the Launch Services Alliance, and then through joint proposals.

Japan is one of Arianespace’s leading partners, both today and for years to come given the breadth and depth of the Japanese space program.
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-4-26 13:11 | 显示全部楼层
‘联盟’发射台初具模样

The Soyuz launch site receives its “muscle”
April 24th, 2009

(Arianespace) - The launch infrastructure at Soyuz’ new operating base in French Guiana has literally risen from the pad as the system of two umbilical masts and four primary support arms has now been installed.


                               
登录/注册后可看大图



                               
登录/注册后可看大图



http://spacefellowship.com/News/?p=8708
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-5-1 16:40 | 显示全部楼层

“联盟”(Soyuz)-ST发射台基本成形

本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-5-1 16:42 编辑

The Soyuz launch infrastructure takes its place at the Spaceport


April 30, 2009


The preparation of Soyuz’ new operating base is continuing in French Guiana, where the ground-based infrastructure continues to take shape on its launch pad and inside the support facilities at Europe’s Spaceport.

This site will support operations of the medium-lift Soyuz vehicle, which will join Arianespace’s heavy-lift Ariane 5 and the future lightweight Vega in side-by-side operations from the Spaceport:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
vega-soyuz-apr30-1-lg.jpg
The transporter/erector system for Soyuz is shown inside the Launcher Assembly Building.  Once a basic Soyuz vehicle’s integration is completed horizontally inside this building, the launcher is positioned atop the transporter/erector by two overhead cranes (one of which is partly visible in the upper background).  The transporter/erector is then transferred on a rail line to the launch pad, where Soyuz will be raised for integration of its payload and final launch operations.
vega-soyuz-apr30-2-lg.jpg
This view details the rail infrastructure that supports Soyuz operations on the launch pad.  In the foreground is a straight section of track that leads to the Launcher Assembly Building, which will be utilized for the rollout of Soyuz vehicles on their transporter/erector.  The curved portion of track (visible coming from the right) will be used for a rail car that brings kerosene propellant for the fueling of Soyuz’ boosters and Block A core stage.  An additional load of kerosene that is maintained at a cooler temperature will be delivered by a wheeled truck for the fueling of Soyuz’ Block I third stage.
vega-soyuz-apr30-3-lg.jpg
The nearly-completed Soyuz launch system is visible in this wide-angle image.  The four primary support arms are shown in their closed position, which forms a support ring around the “waist” of Soyuz to suspend the vehicle over its launch pad.   Directly behind the two rear support arms is the set of umbilical masts that will service the Soyuz’ Block A core stage, its Block I third stage, as well as the Fregat upper stage and the vehicle’s payload.  Visible below in the launch table’s 15-meter-wide circular opening are four triangular-shaped guides that will be connected to the Soyuz’ four strap-on boosters – providing lower stability for the suspended vehicle until liftoff.   Two other arms extending into the opening are electrical supply umbilicals for the Soyuz boosters and the Block A core stage.
vega-soyuz-apr30-4-lg.jpg
The Soyuz facility is surrounded by four massive lightning protection towers, which are a feature of all the launch pads at the Spaceport in French Guiana.  This picture also shows the Soyuz’ launch system in the “ready” position – with the four support arms closed and the two umbilical masts raised to service the medium-lift vehicle. A recently added element is the facility’s system of floodlights, which are installed on four masts positioned around the launch pad.
snowtiger 发表于 2009-5-2 20:21 | 显示全部楼层
这个发射方式。。。。话说回来cz-6小运载能否利用平台搞海上发射?如果捆绑2.25米助推器,将LEO提高到2.5吨上下,还是大有前途吧?
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-5-20 10:33 | 显示全部楼层

“联盟”(Soyuz)-ST火箭在库鲁的发射台已完工,今年晚些时候投入使用

19.05.2009 / 00:05

at Kourou launching pad completed the erection for the Russian launch vehicle "Soyuz"



At Kourou in French Guiana completed work on the launching pad for the Russian launch vehicle "Soyuz". The head of the European space group Arianespace Jean-Yves Le Gall, who is Kourou spaceport, said that the facility will be commissioned in late 2009. In Arianespace great expectations associated with the Russian carrier rocket. According to Le Gala, "Union" to complement the possibility of European launch systems. The Russian rocket will be used to launch into geostationary orbit satellites weighing up to 3 tons, he said. The project launch Soyuz from Kourou is implemented on the basis of an intergovernmental agreement between Russia and France, the "Voice of Russia."
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-5-22 23:15 | 显示全部楼层

“联盟”(Soyuz)-ST火箭在库鲁的发射台已建成,首枚火箭9月交付

Russian rockets readied for South America launch

  
MOSCOW, May 21 (AFP) May 21, 2009

The maker of Russia's Soyuz rockets said on Thursday it had finished building the first rockets due to be launched from South America pad in cooperation with the European Space Agency.
"The first two rockets are ready. They have got through all the tests and have been placed in the containers in which they will be delivered," said the deputy head of TsSKB-Progress, Sergei Tyulevin, quoted by ITAR-TASS.

The newly updated Soyuz-ST rockets are to be launched from French Guiana, an overseas department of France located on the north coast of South America.

The rockets will be delivered in September and the first launch will take place on December 28, Tyulevin said, following considerable delays in the project.

The move to French Guiana is a major step for Russia, which has mostly relied on the Baikonur launch pad in Kazakhstan from where the first man-made object and the first astronaut were launched into space.

Launching Russian rockets so close to the United States is likely to send a strong message about Russia's continued role in space.

It brings several other advantages for Moscow, including reducing dependence on Baikonur, which has been the subject of periodic disputes with Kazakh authorities.

French Guiana's closeness to the equator also enables heavier payloads as launches can gain extra momentum from the Earth's own spinning motion.

Tyulevin said the company was under contract to produce 10 rockets in total for launch from French Guiana and that four more out of this total would be delivered next year.

The European Space Agency provides two-thirds of the funding for the main launch site on French Guiana, named Kourou.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-6-5 09:27 | 显示全部楼层

“联盟”火箭发射台的建设继续进行

本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-6-5 09:29 编辑

Preparations on Soyuz’ new launch site continue at the Spaceport
June 3, 2009


Activity is progressing at a sustained pace in French Guiana as the world’s newest launch site for the industry’s longest-operating launcher continues to take shape for Arianespace’s upcoming introduction of Soyuz at the Spaceport.  

On the Spaceport’s launch pad, the infrastructure that maintains Soyuz in its erected position is being completed. In the nearby Launcher Assembly Building, ground support equipment for Soyuz’ integration is being prepared, and the transporter/erector rail car is readied for testing.
vega-soyuz-jun3-1-lg.jpg
The four primary support arms that suspend Soyuz over its launch pad are shown in their opened position. During the launcher’s checkout and final countdown, these arms are closed around the Soyuz, forming a support ring at the vehicle’s “waist.”  At liftoff, Soyuz’ upward movement  decreases the loads on the support arms, allowing them to swing outward under the pull of counterweights located at their base.(四个火箭支撑臂)
vega-soyuz-jun3-2-lg.jpg
One of the four primary support arms is detailed in this close-up view, taken from the inside. The upper V-shaped portion serves as a segment of the support ring for Soyuz, and also is used as a work platform to provide ground crews access to the launch vehicle.(处于展开状的支撑臂)
vega-soyuz-jun3-3-lg.jpg
The erected Soyuz will be partially positioned inside this 15-meter-wide circular opening on the launch table. Visible around the opening’s inner wall are four triangular-shaped guides. Two other arms are electrical supply umbilicals.(发射台上15米直径的浅井,处于起竖状态的“联盟”火箭下部就坐在这个浅井中。浅井的四壁上有4个三角状的导杆,另外还有两根供电线缆)
vega-soyuz-jun3-4-lg.jpg
A platform known as the Soyuz “service cabin” is located under the launch table’s upper level. It is shown in the retracted position, which moves the cabin free of the circular opening for the Soyuz’ final countdown, engine ignition and liftoff. The service cabin contains operational equipment and provides access to the launcher’s lower portion.(发射台下部的服务平台,可对火箭下部进行检查)
vega-soyuz-jun3-5-lg.jpg
The rail-mounted transporter/erector system that will transfer horizontally-integrated Soyuz vehicles out to the launch pad is shown inside the Launcher Assembly Building. (“联盟”火箭的轨道式运输起竖系统)
vega-soyuz-jun3-6-lg.jpg
A rear view shows personnel working on the coupler connection for the tug that will push the transporter/erector and its Soyuz vehicle from the assembly building to the launch pad. The transporter/erector will exit through doors at the far end of the building. Visible atop the transporter/erector is a large yellow circular structure that supports the Soyuz’ when the launcher is rolled out in its horizontal position.
vega-soyuz-jun3-7-lg.jpg
Testing of the transporter/erector will be made using this fixture, which represents the Soyuz’ mass and its lower dimensions.  The two semi-circular panels in the foreground replicate the contact interface with the launcher’s two lower strap-on boosters on the transporter/erector.
vega-soyuz-jun3-8-lg.jpg
The horizontal transfer of Soyuz launchers at Europe’s Spaceport will follow the same basic procedures used for ongoing Soyuz operations at Baikonur Cosmodrome. Shown here is the rollout of a Soyuz that lifted off from the Cosmodrome on May 27 with a three-member crew for the International Space Station.(拜科努尔发射场5月27日发射“联盟”飞船的“联盟”火箭的水平运输,这一场景将在库鲁复现)
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-6-16 09:54 | 显示全部楼层
推迟发射
PARIS AIR SHOW: Soyuz French Guiana launch delayed to 2010
By Rob Coppinger
The Samara Space Center Soyuz 2-1a rocket will not make its maiden flight from its new French Guiana launch complex until 2010, according to the Italian Space Agency.

The delay from the fourth quarter this year to 2010, also confirmed by an ESA source, follows a previous setback from the end of 2008 to December 2009. The original target start date was 2007.

The Italian-led Vega rocket is also seeing a substantial delay from November this year to October 2010. While the first Vega and its new French Guiana launch complex are expected to be ready by year-end, on-site testing is expected to take up much of 2010.

Italian space agency commissioner Enrico Saggese tells Flight that conservative planning for the compatibility tests between Vega and its launch complex requires six months and that "next year we will have the two maiden flights of Vega and Soyuz. [For Vega the launch date] is roughly October 2010."

The Vega launch campaign will last 42 days instead of two to three weeks, Saggese explains. This is because ESA wants to be confident it can launch up to four Vega rockets a year. It can place 1,500kg (3,300lb) into a circular 700km (434 mile) orbit at a 90° inclination. Vega's first flight will launch a satellite with assorted experiments but Saggese says that had nothing to do with the delay.

The Soyuz 2-1a rocket is able to loft 2,700kg into geostationary transfer orbit from equitorial French Guiana compared to the 1,700kg it can achieve from its Baikonur, Kazakhstan launch site. The Soyuz 2-1a, and eventually the 2-1b version capable of 3,600kg to GTO, will operate from the launch complex in the French Guianan municipality of Sinnamary.
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-6-16 13:14 | 显示全部楼层
又一个推迟了。。。。。。。。。。。
您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册会员

本版积分规则

QQ|百科|小黑屋|公安备案号:41019702002513|航空航天港 ( 豫ICP备12024513号-1 )

GMT+8, 2020-2-22 17:05 , Processed in 0.171601 second(s), 19 queries , Gzip On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

Copyright © 2001-2020, Tencent Cloud.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表