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[专题] 维珍银河(Virgin Galactic)公司的WhiteKnight 2与SpaceShipTwo:借壳上市

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 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-11-6 22:19 | 显示全部楼层

维珍银河(Virgin Galactic)公司考虑新的卫星设计

Virgin Galactic considers new satellite design


By Rob Coppinger
DATE:04/11/09
SOURCE:Flight International

Virgin Galactic's proposed LauncherOne rocket may orbit a new mini satellite designed specifically for the launch vehicle to increase the payload's useful mass for power, propulsion or instruments.

In conventional rockets adaptors integrate a spacecraft with the launcher but that means useful payload mass is reduced. A decision about a LauncherOne specific satellite could come following internal studies or Virgin Galactic's expected mid-2010 request for industry proposals.

A previous Virgin Galactic study concluded an all-composite two-stage rocket, air launched by the WhiteKnight Two carrier aircraft, could orbit a 200kg (440lb) satellite.

Whatever the decision Virgin Galactic's target launch price is $2 million and the spaceline's president Will Whitehorn told the International Astronautical Congress in Daejeon that the service could be operating a year after his suborbital tourism was up and running.

Over the next six to seven months Whitehorn's new general manager for small satellite launch, Adam Baker, will develop a business plan. Speaking to Aerojet, Northrop Grumman and others Baker will investigate whether the rocket is outsourced or produced in-house, what type of launcher it will be, if its expendable or reusable, and if its payload will be designed specifically for LauncherOne.

He will also examine possible co-operation with small satellite companies Virgin Galactic has worked with, Surrey Satellite Technology (SSTL), Sierra Nevada and Swedish Space, all of which could also be future LauncherOne customers.

Baker started work for Virgin Galactic on 2 October, moving from SSTL after eight years.

If the business plan is approved LauncherOne's development will benefit from $100 million from Abu Dhabi's Aabar Investments. An earlier satellite launch market study was produced for Aabar with the help of SSTL.

The Arab investment company announced a $280 million investment in Virgin Galactic's tourism venture on 28 July.

Whitehorn also told Flightglobal that the Virgin group's joint venture with Scaled Composites, The SpaceShip Company, was now employing a person every week in a recruitment drive and a tender had been released for building its second hangar at Mojave air and spaceport. This is where future WhiteKnight Twos will be manufactured.
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-11-20 23:04 | 显示全部楼层
太空船2号 准备 12月 7日 亮相(?)
House Of Travel's Local Accredited Space Agents To Witness World Premier Of Virgin Galactic Spaceshiptwo


Voxy News Engine  Friday, 20 November, 2009 - 15:31 House of Travel outlets in Botany Junction, Nelson and Palmerston North are the only travel retailers in New Zealand to be invited to attend the world premiere of SpaceShipTwo, the space vehicle developed by Scaled Composites to take private passengers to space. This exclusive event, hosted by Virgin Founder and Chairman Sir Richard Branson and world renowned aircraft designer Burt Rutan, will take place in Mojave, CA on December 7, 2009.

The three House of Travel retailers are the only travel agencies in New Zealand to have been hand-selected as a Virgin Galactic Accredited Space Agent (ASA), having completed intensive product training with Virgin Galactic in order to provide the highly specialized information required for such an exciting and unique offering.

Virgin Galactic's remarkable and pioneering project is now in its final stages. The unveiling of SpaceShipTwo marks the next critical step in bringing space tourism to the general public, a privilege that has been limited to astronauts and those with the means to spend $20 million for a flight. With a comparatively lower price of US$200,000, House of Travel is one of the few travel agency groups in the world with the ability to attend this groundbreaking event and accept deposits for this once-in-a-lifetime journey.

Based on the design of SpaceShipOne, the historic vehicle that completed three successful spaceflights in 2004, thus claiming the $10 million Ansari X-Prize, SpaceShipTwo is the next generation of spacecraft built for the specific purpose of taking passengers into suborbital space. WhiteKnightTwo, the carrier aircraft that will launch SpaceShipTwo from 50,000 feet, was unveiled in July 2008 and is well into a successful test flight program. Following SpaceShipTwo's unveiling in December 2009, this revolutionary spacecraft will immediately embark on an extensive test flight regime. Already, approximately 300 people from around the world have paid nearly $40 million in deposits to guarantee an early seat.
cmj9808 发表于 2009-11-24 10:01 | 显示全部楼层

维珍

建造中的Spaceship Two

ff_whiteknight2_f.jpg

ff_whiteknight3_f.jpg

Spaceship Two简图

ff_whiteknight4_f.jpg
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-11-30 13:29 | 显示全部楼层
ff_whiteknight1_f.jpg
joki 发表于 2009-11-30 13:52 | 显示全部楼层
我就觉得载机的设计不错,中国要是能利用大运的资源搞一款类似的载机,就可以用来空射大型火箭了。
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-12-2 09:13 | 显示全部楼层
英国"商业"宇宙飞船建成 2010年将首次试航(图)

2009年12月02日 07:34   来源:国际在线




英国维珍银河公司建造的“宇宙飞船二号”将在2010年初进行首次试航。

    据英国《每日电讯报》12月1日报道,英国维珍银河公司建造的接载游客上太空旅行的商业宇宙飞船“太空船二号”(SpaceShipTwo)已经完工,准备在2010年初进行首次试航,此后太空船二号将被正式用于开展太空旅行业务。目前已有300人预定了太空旅行舱位。

    “太空船二号”能够极大地满足任何渴望太空探险者的需要,富裕的探险者仅需支付20万美元,就能够在太空边缘逗留几分钟,从遥远的太空俯瞰地球,同时享受从未有过的失重感觉。

    “太空船二号”是一种空射飞行器,大小就像一架轻型飞机,船体长18米。船体尾部有火箭助推装置为挣脱地球引力提供动力。船体两翼设有可移动的、如同翅膀般的稳定鳍,为飞船平添了几分科幻色彩。设计者伯茨·鲁坦说,这种设计使飞船更易于操控,着陆时更安全。根据计划,“太空船二号”将飞到海平面以上5万英尺的高度,比一般的客机高2万英尺。

    “太空船一号”是首架由私人资助建造的载人航天器,“太空船二号”是在“太空船一号”基础上设计的。到目前为止,已有300个人为乘坐“太空船二号”进行太空旅行支付了旅费,另有82000已在维珍银河公司的网站注册表示他们有兴趣参加太空旅游。维珍银河公司是第一个进入太空的非政府组织。
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-12-2 09:18 | 显示全部楼层
original.jpg
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4092268015_4bbf70b558_o.jpg
lixianghua 发表于 2009-12-2 09:43 | 显示全部楼层
英国商业宇宙飞船建成 2010年将首次试航(图)http://www.sina.com.cn  2009年12月02日 08:47  国际在线



英国维珍银河公司建造的“宇宙飞船二号”将在2010年初进行首次试航。
  国际在线专稿:据英国《每日电讯报》12月1日报道,英国维珍银河公司建造的接载游客上太空旅行的商业宇宙飞船“太空船二号”(SpaceShipTwo)已经完工,准备在2010年初进行首次试航,此后太空船二号将被正式用于开展太空旅行业务。目前已有300人预定了太空旅行舱位。

  “太空船二号”能够极大地满足任何渴望太空探险者的需要,富裕的探险者仅需支付20万美元,就能够在太空边缘逗留几分钟,从遥远的太空俯瞰地球,同时享受从未有过的失重感觉。

  “太空船二号”是一种空射飞行器,大小就像一架轻型飞机,船体长18米。船体尾部有火箭助推装置为挣脱地球引力提供动力。船体两翼设有可移动的、如同翅膀般的稳定鳍,为飞船平添了几分科幻色彩。设计者伯茨·鲁坦说,这种设计使飞船更易于操控,着陆时更安全。根据计划,“太空船二号”将飞到海平面以上5万英尺的高度,比一般的客机高2万英尺。

  “太空船一号”是首架由私人资助建造的载人航天器,“太空船二号”是在“太空船一号”基础上设计的。到目前为止,已有300个人为乘坐“太空船二号”进行太空旅行支付了旅费,另有82000已在维珍银河公司的网站注册表示他们有兴趣参加太空旅游。维珍银河公司是第一个进入太空的非政府组织。(海澜)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-6 21:47 | 显示全部楼层

维珍银河(Virgin Galactic)公司已为亚轨道商业飞行做好准备

Virgin Galactic readies suborbital flight  


December 06 2009 at 10:42AM  

Los Angeles - British billionaire Sir Richard Branson will unveil a craft on Monday that could soon carry tourists on an out-of-this-world trip into space -- for a mere 200,000 dollars.

The lunar-like landscape of the Mojave desert between Los Angeles and Las Vegas will stage the roll-out of Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo (SS2), the brain child of aerospace engineer Burt Rutan.

SS2, which can carry six passengers and two pilots, plans to begin test flights next year and start commercial flights between 2011 and 2012.

Virgin Galactic, owned by Branson's Virgin Group and Abu Dhabi's Aabar Investments, says about 300 adventurers from around the world have paid a total of 40 million dollars in deposits to guarantee spots on the carbon composite wonder machine.

Aerospace experts are already bidding on suborbital flights as the next generation of business travel.

Pamela Hurley-Moser, owner of Hurley Travel Experts in Portland, Oregon, is among 50 travel consultants chosen as accredited space agents for Virgin Galactic.

The company now boasts specials to Iceland, Thailand and, yes, space.

But space tourism, for now, remains an exclusive experience reserved for those willing to pay the hefty fee for a seat on the two-and-a-half-hour flights 100 kilometers (62 miles) above Earth.

"Just as aviation, and before that rail and automobile transportation, first a few will go to space, but ultimately, over the next hundred years or so, spaceflight will become commonplace," said Charles Chafer, chief executive of Space Services, which specializes in space funerals.

In 2007, the Houston, Texas company released into space the ashes of "Star Trek" star James Doohan.

But Hong Kong to London in three hours?

"This is possible," Chafer told AFP. "And the history of human transportation suggests that when it is possible to shorten travel times, markets grow to enable that activity."

Space Services spokeswoman Susan Schonfeld noted that the company now takes the ashes of hundreds of people at a time into space, up from about 27 people in 2007.

"Through the years, I have had the opportunity to speak to hundreds and hundreds of people from all over the world," she noted. "We have launched very famous people... but 99 percent of the people are everyday people like myself that have a very deep sense of exploration I do believe is in all of us."

For Chafer, what today seems like an indulgence for adventurous millionaires will spur the construction of facilities for a solar power satellite system, asteroid exploration, mineral extraction and research of compounds cheaper to produce in microgravity.

"Transportation is an enabling tool," the aerospace executive insisted.

"Once we have routine transportation into suborbital and orbital space we will see business travel and package delivery times reduced and we will begin to see construction of large facilities in Earth orbit."

For Monday's launch, the WhiteKnightTwo mothership, which boasts a wingspan of 140 feet (42.7 meters), will carry the smaller SS2 rocket ship 50,000 feet (15.2 kilometers) into the sky before it detaches and blasts up to the brink of space.

There, the tourists can experience five minutes of weightlessness in a cabin with circular windows on the sides and the ceiling.

"As humanity eventually moves to other planets and bodies throughout the solar system, we will of course fly into -- and eventually live in -- space," predicted Chafer. - AFP
cmj9808 发表于 2009-12-7 15:13 | 显示全部楼层
Spaceship 2将于北京时间12月8日凌晨正式公开

飞船的一些细节

spaceshiptwo1.jpg

spaceshiptwo2.jpg

spaceshiptwo3.jpg

spaceshiptwo4.jpg
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-8 10:21 | 显示全部楼层

能“冲出大气层”的私人航天飞机曝光

2009年12月08日   人民网   高轶军

  人民网12月8日电 在经历了5年的秘密研发后,专门承担将普通游客送入太空“逛一圈”的飞船7日正式揭开其神秘面纱。尽管乘坐这个名为太空船2号的宇航器进入太空要花费至少20万美元,依然有300多人报名参加“首航”,并且预付了巨额定金。

  美联社报道,太空船2号将于明年首次试飞。这种飞船使用轻型材料生产,配有混合燃料推进的火箭发动机。太空船2号长约20米,内部空间较为宽大,能容纳两名飞行员和6名乘客。此外,飞船周身上下设有很多窗户,因此可以让游客更好地欣赏太空中的种种奇观。

  根据预定计划,这种新飞船将于2011年搭载首批太空游客(飞船所有者及其家人与总设计师),从美国新墨西哥州起飞,从升空到降落,整个旅行预计持续2.5小时,期间不会环绕地球飞行,而失重状态下时间仅为5分钟,其航程最高点距地表约100多公里。

  与传统宇航器相比,太空船2号的升空方式更为独特:它由一架特殊的飞机从地面带入高空释放。随后,飞船的火箭发动机点火,将其送入大气层外部的亚轨道空间。在到达了本次旅行的最高点后,飞船将和航天飞机一样采取无动力滑行方式返回地面。

  在着陆前,飞行员能通过操作机翼来控制飞行姿态。太空船二号的投资方预计耗费4亿多美元来打造5艘飞船和助推火箭。美国还有一些富豪也在积极发开私人航天飞机,从而实现“让自己和家人冲出大气层”的梦想。飞船所有人表示,将通过严格测试来确保飞行安全。

  目前,想要进入太空旅游的超级富豪,只能搭乘俄罗斯的宇宙飞船升空,并要为此支付数百万美元的费用。同上述颇为短暂的“太空一日游”不同的是,搭乘飞船升空的游客将在国际空间站生活一段时间,并在环绕地球运转的同时,必须要承担部分科研实验任务。

  此外,今年早些时候,世界上首家太空旅馆的运营商宣布,这个“绝无仅有的度假村”将于2012年开张营业。届时,将有第一批付费游客上太空“潇洒住一回”。据介绍,在太空旅馆住上3晚的费用将超过440万美元,其中包括在一座热带岛屿接受两个月训练的开销。

  游客在入住太空旅馆期间,每天能欣赏到15次日出,每80分钟便环绕地球飞行一周。在配有维可牢尼龙搭扣(魔术贴)的衣服帮助下,游客们能像蜘蛛侠一样将自己“粘”在墙上并在豆荚似地房间内“爬行”或者“飞来飞去”,从而体验到独一无二的太空生活。

  这家太空旅馆负责人曾是一名航空航天工程师。他说,自己推出的旅游项目拥有巨大发展前景。根据此人的设想,也许在15年以后,人类前往太空度个周末的想法就会变得“非常普通”。目前,专门用来送游客升空的设施正在一个加勒比海小岛上建设。

  资料显示,“太空度假村”项目将首先发射一个单独的“豆荚”(宇航舱)。这个“豆荚”在距离地球约451公里的轨道上运行,可容纳4名游客及2名宇航员。前往这个“豆荚”就需要花上一天半时间。除住宿费外,从地球进入太空的“往返飞船票”也高达20万美元。

  目前,已有00多人对入住太空旅馆表示出“浓厚兴趣”,至少有43人已经交费预订了客房。虽然分析人士指出,因技术和融资问题,太空旅馆很难在2012年如期开业,但该项目负责人表示,一位匿名亿万富翁已为太空旅馆项目提供了30亿美元启动资金。

  除了积极准备“上天”外,外国富豪还对“海下探险”兴趣浓厚,并研制出一种名为“超级猎鹰”的新型潜水器。该微型潜艇水下运动速度很快,同慢吞吞的普通潜艇相比堪称是全新的“水下跑车”。“超级猎鹰” 没有压水舱,因此质量轻,速度快,安全性高于传统潜艇。(高轶军)
cmj9808 发表于 2009-12-8 12:56 | 显示全部楼层
lixianghua 发表于 2009-12-8 15:26 | 显示全部楼层
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cmj9808 发表于 2009-12-9 10:25 | 显示全部楼层
美国空军对Virgin Galactic的空射载具在ORS项目里的潜在用途很感兴趣

Virgin Galactic launch vehicle attractive to U.S. military

BY STEPHEN CLARK
SPACEFLIGHT NOW
Posted: December 7, 2009

As Virgin Galactic prepares to roll out its suborbital passenger spaceship, U.S. military officials seeking low-cost, responsive access to space are studying the company's latest exotic concept to deliver small satellites to orbit.

Peter Wegner, director of the Pentagon's Operationally Responsive Space program, said the private firm's conceptual air-launched rocket design is "attractive" for potential military missions.
...
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下图是Virgin Galactic 在60届世界宇航大会上展示的两种空射方案,前一种类似于OSC的飞马座,后一种似乎是在SS2的基础上上改进而来的

launcherone 1.jpg

launcherone 2.jpg
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-12-10 09:39 | 显示全部楼层
维珍·银河的运载器吸引美国军方  

新闻发布时间:2009-12-09


  [据spaceflightnow网站2009年12月7日报道]  就在英国维珍•银河公司准备推出其亚轨道载人太空船之际,美国军方寻求低成本、及时响应型进入太空的官员正在研究该公司最新发射小卫星入轨的方法。
  
  五角大楼作战及时响应型太空(ORS)计划办公室主任彼得•维格纳(Peter Wegner)称,维珍•银河公司的空射火箭方案设计对于潜在的军事任务具有吸引力。
  
  维珍集团下属的太空旅游公司将使用“太空船2号”运送乘客至距地97千米的太空边缘。2009年7月,维珍•银河发射小卫星发射器的计划由于阿联酋一家公司的投资入股而获得极大推动。
  
  维珍•银河公司的卫星运载器被称为“运载器1号”。“白骑士2号”是维珍•银河“太空船2号”的载机。像“太空船2号”一样,“运载器1号”火箭在15.24千米的高空从“白骑士2号”上点火。火箭首次飞行预计在数年之后进行。   
  
  到目前为止,ORS计划签署的运载火箭是由导弹改装的“米诺陶”-1火箭和“米诺陶”-4火箭,以及私人研发的“猎鹰”-1火箭。维格纳说,他们开始从发射角度考虑另一个领域,即商业企业航天工业,他们对维珍•银河公司的新产品感兴趣并期待看到成果。
  
  ORS目的是发射低廉的小卫星入轨测试太空技术,为战场指挥官提供所需能力。官员希望能按需快速发射小卫星入轨。低成本发射供应商们必需要实现这一目标。
  
  据报道,“运载器1号”火箭发射50千克卫星入轨的成本低于200万美元。SpaceX公司的增强型“猎鹰”-1火箭可以1050万美元的价格发射1000千克物体入轨。“米诺陶”-1火箭和“米诺陶”-2火箭的发射价格尚未确定。(中国航天工程咨询中心 许红英)  

责任编辑:中国航天工程咨询中心_许红英
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-12-11 10:17 | 显示全部楼层
维珍·银河的运载器吸引美国军方
新闻发布时间:2009-12-09

  [据spaceflightnow网站2009年12月7日报道]  就在英国维珍•银河公司准备推出其亚轨道载人太空船之际,美国军方寻求低成本、及时响应型进入太空的官员正在研究该公司最新发射小卫星入轨的方法。
  
  五角大楼作战及时响应型太空(ORS)计划办公室主任彼得•维格纳(Peter Wegner)称,维珍•银河公司的空射火箭方案设计对于潜在的军事任务具有吸引力。
  
  维珍集团下属的太空旅游公司将使用“太空船2号”运送乘客至距地97千米的太空边缘。2009年7月,维珍•银河发射小卫星发射器的计划由于阿联酋一家公司的投资入股而获得极大推动。
  
  维珍•银河公司的卫星运载器被称为“运载器1号”。“白骑士2号”是维珍•银河“太空船2号”的载机。像“太空船2号”一样,“运载器1号”火箭在15.24千米的高空从“白骑士2号”上点火。火箭首次飞行预计在数年之后进行。   
  
  到目前为止,ORS计划签署的运载火箭是由导弹改装的“米诺陶”-1火箭和“米诺陶”-4火箭,以及私人研发的“猎鹰”-1火箭。维格纳说,他们开始从发射角度考虑另一个领域,即商业企业航天工业,他们对维珍•银河公司的新产品感兴趣并期待看到成果。
  
  ORS目的是发射低廉的小卫星入轨测试太空技术,为战场指挥官提供所需能力。官员希望能按需快速发射小卫星入轨。低成本发射供应商们必需要实现这一目标。
  
  据报道,“运载器1号”火箭发射50千克卫星入轨的成本低于200万美元。SpaceX公司的增强型“猎鹰”-1火箭可以1050万美元的价格发射1000千克物体入轨。“米诺陶”-1火箭和“米诺陶”-2火箭的发射价格尚未确定。(中国航天工程咨询中心 许红英)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-12 12:31 | 显示全部楼层

维珍银河(Virgin Galactic)公司首架SpaceShipTwo起名叫“VSS Enterprise”号

DATE:11/12/09
SOURCE:Flight International

Virgin Galactic reveals VSS Enterprise


By John Croft

Nascent suborbital space ride company Virgin Galactic unveiled its six-passenger prototype, the VSS Enterprise, at a star-studded roll-out ceremony at the Mojave Air and Space port on 7 December. Initial testing of the composite spacecraft, expected to begin next year, will include captive carry, glide tests, rocket-powered lift and expansion of the envelope, heading toward first operations some time in 2011 or later. Sir Richard Branson says he has $42 million in reservations for the suborbital flights, comprised of fully paid $200,000 slots and $20,000 deposits from more than 300 customers. That number is only slightly higher than the $40 million in reservations that Virgin Galactic reported in April.
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-12-12 12:57 | 显示全部楼层
英国商业宇宙飞船建成 2010年将首次试航(图)  2009年12月02日 08:47  国际在线



英国维珍银河公司建 ...

船体两翼设有可移动的、如同翅膀般的稳定鳍,为飞船平添了几分科幻色彩。设计者伯茨·鲁坦说,这种设计使飞船更易于操控,着陆时更安全。根据计划,“太空船二号”将飞到海平面以上5万英尺的高度,比一般的客机高2万英尺。


lixianghua 发表于 2009-12-2 09:43


可移动的、如同翅膀般的稳定鳍---这句说的不太清楚,根据图片分析,可能是在发射期间,尾翼基本平行于飞船,而在返回时,尾翼开始基本垂直于飞船,不知分析的如何?听说俄罗斯曾经考虑设计可伸缩翅膀的(航天飞机?)(升力体?),这和SpaceShipTwo有相通的地方吧。
cmj9808 发表于 2009-12-12 14:06 | 显示全部楼层
DATE:11/12/09
SOURCE:Flight International

Virgin Galactic reveals VSS Enterprise

By John Cro ...
jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-12 12:31

米字旗下的Enterprise
cmj9808 发表于 2009-12-12 14:07 | 显示全部楼层
可移动的、如同翅膀般的稳定鳍---这句说的不太清楚,根据图片分析,可能是在发射期间,尾翼基本平行于飞 ...
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-12-12 12:57

是这个意思。再入时可以对尾翼起一定的保护
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