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[专题] 俄罗斯“东方”航天发射中心:可执行空间站发射任务

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jingyan66 发表于 2008-11-28 09:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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Site for New Russian Spaceport Approved
俄罗斯计划新建的“东方”航天发射中心的具体位置已选定

27.11.2008

      This November RosCosmos sent the reconnaissance commission to the Amur Region in order to specify location of the construction site for new Russian launching site Vostochny?
      
      The commission included experts in machine engineering and other industrial and scientific fields. Researchers specified sites for design and survey works near the town of Uglegorsk. Said works are scheduled to start in 2009.
      
      Engineers will study terms of construction for first stage objects of future spaceport, aimed at preparation and launch for space crafts of scientific, social and economic, double and commercial purpose.
      
      The spaceport will have about 50 objects, among which there are launch facilities for various space vehicles.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2008-11-28 11:18 | 显示全部楼层
俄罗斯计划在阿穆尔州(Amur region)新建的“东方”Vostochny(“Eastern”) 航天中心的位置图示
vanino_downrange_1.jpg
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2008-11-28 11:19 | 显示全部楼层
航天器从“东方”Vostochny(“Eastern”) 航天中心发射的飞行轨迹和第一级发动机坠落区域示意图
vostochny_downrange_1.jpg
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2008-11-28 11:22 | 显示全部楼层
“东方”Vostochny(“Eastern”) 航天中心将建在阿穆尔州(Amur region)的乌格里哥斯克(Uglegorsk)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2008-11-28 11:27 | 显示全部楼层
截至07年底的“东方”Vostochny(“Eastern”) 航天中心建设计划:

Up to 2010: Preliminary design and exploration work, determining the exact boundaries of the facility; (预先设计、勘察工作,确定航天中心设施的边界)
2010-2015: Construction of the site; (中心的建设)
2015-2016: The first orbital launch attempt from the site (unmanned) of the medium-class vehicle, followed by launches of communications and remote-sensing satellites;(进行通信和遥感卫星的发射,此后将进行无人飞船的发射)
2018: First manned mission from the facility of the new-generation spacecraft, replacing Soyuz; (进行首次替代“联盟”号的新一代飞船的载人航天发射活动)
2020: All Russian manned space flight activities move to Vostochny;(俄罗斯所有的载人航天活动都将移到此处进行)
hnxsyw 发表于 2008-11-28 11:36 | 显示全部楼层
两张图标的不一样?
fireeyes 发表于 2008-11-30 16:42 | 显示全部楼层
就在我们国家边上,他们往北面打的是什么轨道的星啊?
横空出世 发表于 2008-11-30 16:59 | 显示全部楼层
哪一个点是真正的地点啊?
cmj9808 发表于 2008-12-1 11:21 | 显示全部楼层
如果是在Amur州的话,应该是三楼的地点
hnxsyw 发表于 2008-12-1 13:31 | 显示全部楼层
阿穆尔州原来就有个斯沃博特内Svobodny发射场,战略导弹部队一个的基地,1997年开始执行卫星发射任务,因使用率低去年被关闭了。 位于与中国接壤的布拉戈维申斯克以北75英里处,是图2红三角和图三处。

    经检索----“2007年11月,普京总统签署命令将封存的军用航天中心Svobodny改为Vostochny,”  http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Russia_To_Build_New_Space_Center_In_The_Far_East_999.html

[ 本帖最后由 hnxsyw 于 2008-12-1 13:33 编辑 ]
hnxsyw 发表于 2008-12-1 13:42 | 显示全部楼层


乌格里哥斯克Uglegorsk是 萨哈林(库页)岛上的港口城市
REDFOXER 发表于 2008-12-6 17:52 | 显示全部楼层
到底
定在哪里了?

从安全角度来说
放在库页岛上安全

但从技术角度来数
放在国境线边那个更好
测控方便,纬度更低
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-2-23 09:20 | 显示全部楼层
计划2008年底启动,现在也没消息了。
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-2-23 19:47 | 显示全部楼层
俄国新建发射中心具体有什么好处
cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-23 20:22 | 显示全部楼层
可以减少对拜科努尔的依赖
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-2-23 21:30 | 显示全部楼层
东方和拜科努尔的纬度相同吗
cmj9808 发表于 2009-2-23 21:43 | 显示全部楼层
东方比拜科努尔要高5度
darklighter 发表于 2009-2-23 23:26 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 darklighter 于 2009-2-23 23:31 编辑

拜科努尔纬度低一些,不过由于射向限制,发射方位角最大取61度左右,LEO倾角最低51.5度左右。
同样的火箭,从东方进行发射方位角90度左右,倾角49度左右的LEO发射时,运载能力应该还会略大些。

火箭从东方起飞后,没有拜科努尔发射那么好的俄罗斯本土地面测控条件,各种任务的测控问题打算怎么解决可以关注一下。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-4-14 10:07 | 显示全部楼层

俄联邦航天署签署新运载火箭和航天发射场的协议

Roskosmos signs contract for new rocket and space complex


13.04.2009, 18.53
  
MOSCOW, April 13 (Itar-Tass) -- Russia’s Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos) has signed a contract for the creation of a new rocket and space complex at the Vostochny spaceport.

The tender for the development of the rocket and space complex was won by SCKB Progress in cooperation with the rocket space corporation Energia and the Makeyev State Rocket centre. The Khrunichev Space Centre also competed. The results of the tender were announced at the end of March.

“Last Friday, April 10, we signed a contract with the head project manager, CSKB Progress,” Alexander Chulkov, head of Roskosmos’ department of space vehicle control, ground-based space infrastructure and cooperation, said.

The new rocket and space complex for the medium carrier rocket Rus-M with an increased lifting capacity to be built at the Russian Vostochny spaceport, Amur region, will be designed for launching a new generation of ships and orbiting modules to low near-Earth orbits as well as satellites and automatic spacecraft.

The rocket and space corporation Energia has won the tender for the front-end engineering design of a new generation transport system.

“…the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos) announced the results of the tender for the creation of a future transport system that will include a new piloted spaceship,” the agency said.

“The winner is the rocket and space corporation Energia,” it said.

In addition to Energia, the Khrunichev space centre was also bidding in the tender.

Roskosmos will provide 800 million roubles for front-end engineering design. All work should be completed by July 2010.

“The creation of a new ship will necessitate the creation of a new carrier rocket and a new launch pad. All this will have to be designed. And we should solve all issues by 2011,” Roskosmos chief Anatoly Perminov said.
songliang 发表于 2009-4-14 11:06 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 songliang 于 2009-4-14 11:38 编辑
拜科努尔纬度低一些,不过由于射向限制,发射方位角最大取61度左右,LEO倾角最低51.5度左右。
同样的火箭,从东方进行发射方位角90度左右,倾角49度左右的LEO发射时,运载能力应该还会略大些。

火箭从东方起飞后 ...
darklighter 发表于 2009-2-23 23:26

火箭从东方起飞后,没有拜科努尔发射那么好的俄罗斯本土地面测控条件,各种任务的测控问题打算怎么解决可以关注一下。 -------------------------------------------------------------估计毛子要搞天基测控,这也是方向!关注毛子新一代中继卫星的发射!!!不过对于火箭的测控是不是地基的更好啊??
未来在远东部署的沃洛涅日-DM战略预警雷达站是否有测控功能???
毛子正在研制大型空间目标监视用地基高分辨率光电成像望远镜,对1000千米高度的分辨率是0.25米(接近衍射极限),2010年完工。以后如果需要的话在库页岛和堪察加半岛再建一座用于跟踪测控也不是不可以!
另外毛子可以重新拾起测控船使用!
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