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[任务跟踪] NASA2022年的火星任务NeMO - 新的火星轨道通讯中继卫星

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hkhtg090201 发表于 2015-2-27 14:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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一 .  NASA2022年的火星任务 - 新一代火星轨道中继卫星。- 目标是接替服役13年的火星奥德赛
NASA Eyes New Mars Orbiter for 2022
by Dan Leone — February 24, 2015
   http://spacenews.com/nasa-eyes-new-mars-orbiter-for-2022/

   A telecommunications orbiter, to launch to Mars in 2022, would replace the 13 year-old Mars Odyssey (pictured here) as the main communications relay for landed missions, NASA"s new Mars czar, Jim Watzin, announced Feb. 24. Like Odyssey, the new probe would also carry scientific instruments.

二. 相关链接:

NASA的火星漫游器2020:任务载荷选定
http://bbs.9ifly.cn/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=10871&fromuid=566
(出处: 航空航天港)


 楼主| hkhtg090201 发表于 2015-2-27 14:52 | 显示全部楼层
2022年的中继卫星有可能使用一些实验性的新技术,如高功率太阳电推,光通讯组件。

This Mars 2022 orbiter may use experimental technologies such as high-power solar-electric propulsion or an optical communications package that could greatly improve transmission speed and capacity over radio frequency systems, said Jim Watzin, NASA’s Mars exploration program director.
- See more at:
  http://spacenews.com/nasa-eyes-n ... thash.puTBqjlz.dpuf
jisuluntan 发表于 2015-2-27 19:19 | 显示全部楼层
我们2022年也有火星卫星了吧
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DF21 发表于 2015-2-28 19:50 | 显示全部楼层
干什么的,火星探测器的中继通讯?
zhang 发表于 2015-3-6 23:54 | 显示全部楼层
http://spaceflightnow.com/2015/0 ... -launching-in-2022/

目前还是概念阶段,开发将在 2016 年底开始。预算在 $500 million 到 $1 billion. 想用 Falcon 9 或低端的 Atlas 5 发射。
黑与白 发表于 2015-3-6 23:56 | 显示全部楼层
zhang 发表于 2015-3-6 23:54
http://spaceflightnow.com/2015/03/03/nasa-eyes-ion-engines-for-mars-orbiter-launching-in-2022/

目 ...

一个火星通信轨道器预算上限居然10亿?
zhang 发表于 2015-3-7 00:01 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 zhang 于 2015-3-7 00:03 编辑
黑与白 发表于 2015-3-6 23:56
一个火星通信轨道器预算上限居然10亿?

MRO 主要任务花费 $720 million, 包括开发,发射,地面操作等等。2022 的10亿不离谱

Primary mission only: About $720 million total, consisting approximately of $450 million spacecraft development and science instruments; $90 million launch; $180 million mission operations, science processing and relay support for 5.5 years

http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/miss ... RO&Display=ReadMore
cmj9808 发表于 2015-8-18 15:19 | 显示全部楼层
2022火星轨道器将继承MRO的高分辨率成像和通讯中继功能,此外还可能携带试验性激光中继设备和太阳能电推。FY2017开始申请预算
Infrastructure upgrades aboard the proposed 2022 orbiter will include a radio to relay data and commands between Earth and rovers on the Martian surface. The orbiter will also likely carry a high-resolution camera at least as sensitive as the HiRISE imager, which can spot features nearly as small as an LP vinyl record, to extend the mapping capability to be lost with the end of MRO’s mission.

The new orbiter mission may also host a laser communications package to rapidly beam back science data to Earth several orders of magnitude faster than possible with existing radios. Ultra-efficient solar-electric propulsion pods could also be tested on the orbiter, according to NASA managers.

http://spaceflightnow.com/2015/0 ... -for-years-to-come/
黑与白 发表于 2015-10-8 11:48 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 黑与白 于 2015-10-8 11:53 编辑

NASA正在讨论给这个火星探测器加入样本返回地球能力,用于将火星2020采集到的火星样本送回地球,并认为2024年更现实

至此只有上升器还悬而未决

http://spacenews.com/nasa-eyes-s ... -2020-mars-orbiter/
cmj9808 发表于 2015-10-8 11:59 | 显示全部楼层
黑与白 发表于 2015-10-8 11:48
NASA正在讨论给这个火星探测器加入样本返回地球能力,用于将火星2020采集到的火星样本送回地球,并认为2024 ...

有趣,高功率电推倒是适合送样返回,只是如果轨道器返回地球,中继任务交给谁呢?
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黑与白 发表于 2015-10-8 12:01 | 显示全部楼层
cmj9808 发表于 2015-10-8 11:59
有趣,高功率电推倒是适合送样返回,只是如果轨道器返回地球,中继任务交给谁呢?

应该是要有个专用返回器,毕竟是旗舰级轨道器,又用SLS发射,余地很大
cmj9808 发表于 2016-4-22 16:44 | 显示全部楼层
NASA向工业界发布RFP
April 21, 2016
RELEASE 16-046

NASA Seeks Industry Ideas for an Advanced Mars Satellite

NASA is soliciting ideas from U.S. industry for designs of a Mars orbiter for potential launch in the 2020s. The satellite would provide advanced communications and imaging, as well as robotic science exploration, in support of NASA’s Journey to Mars.

The orbiter would substantially increase bandwidth communications and maintain high-resolution imaging capability. It also may use experimental cutting-edge technologies, such as high-power solar electric propulsion or an optical communications package, which could greatly improve transmission speed and capacity over radio frequency systems.

Under the direction of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program, the agency’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California, is conducting pre-formulation planning for this possible orbiter mission. Pre-formulation plans include the procurement of industry studies for a solar-powered orbiting spacecraft. This effort seeks to take advantage of industry capabilities to improve deep space, solar electric propulsion-enabled orbiters to accommodate scientific instruments, demonstrate capability for rendezvous and capture, and advance telecommunications capabilities.

“Our success in exploring Mars, to unravel the mysteries of the Red Planet, depends on having high bandwidth communication with Earth and overhead imaging,” said John Grunsfeld, astronaut and associate administrator of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. “Currently, we depend on our orbiting science missions to perform dual service in making measurements and acting as communication relays, but we can’t depend on them to last forever. This new orbiter will use cutting-edge technology to revitalize our ability to continue to explore Mars and support transformative science, including a potential sample return mission in the future.”

JPL plans to award concept study subcontracts of $400,000 per subcontract in June. The concept studies for the spacecraft will be completed over a four-month period.

In response to an earlier request from NASA, the Mars Exploration Program formed an analysis group that proposed, in a 2015 report, possible science objectives for a Mars orbiter capable of replenishing and advancing the telecommunications and reconnaissance resources available at Mars.

NASA is studying how to implement this mission concept in concert with its international partners to the greatest extent possible. Historically, there have been significant international contributions to NASA Mars missions that include the Curiosity rover, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft and the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Mission orbiter, both currently orbiting the Red Planet. The agency will seek such partnerships for this potential future orbiter mission, as well.

NASA is on an ambitious journey to Mars that includes sending humans to the Red Planet, and that work remains on track. Robotic spacecraft are leading the way for the Mars Exploration Program, with current missions, in addition to the planned launch of the Insight lander in 2018, and the design and build of the Mars 2020 rover.


To view the Mars orbiter solicitation/Federal Business Opportunities announcement, visit:
http://1.usa.gov/1qFw0Le


Lsquirrel 发表于 2016-4-22 17:04 | 显示全部楼层
hkhtg090201 发表于 2015-2-27 14:52
2022年的中继卫星有可能使用一些实验性的新技术,如高功率太阳电推,光通讯组件。

- See more at:

NGMO.JPG
下一个轨道器的一些方案

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黑与白 发表于 2016-4-22 17:45 | 显示全部楼层
Lsquirrel 发表于 2016-4-22 17:04
下一个轨道器的一些方案

落马新太阳能电池板
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cmj9808 发表于 2016-7-19 12:07 | 显示全部楼层
cmj9808 发表于 2016-4-22 16:44
NASA向工业界发布RFP

NASA选择了五家公司进行为期四个月的方案研究,包括波音,洛马,诺格,OrbATK和劳拉,JPL负责管理该项目
The companies contracted for these four-month studies are: The Boeing Company in Huntington Beach, California; Lockheed Martin Space Systems in Denver; Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in Redondo Beach, California; Orbital ATK in Dulles, Virginia; and Space Systems/Loral in Palo Alto, California...
The concept studies will address how a potential new Mars orbiter mission could best provide communications, imaging and operational capabilities. They also will assess the possibilities for supporting additional scientific instruments and functionalities, in addition to optical communications. The orbiter concept under study would take advantage of U.S. industry’s technology capacities by using solar electric propulsion to provide flexible launch, mission and orbit capabilities.

cmj9808 发表于 2016-7-28 16:24 | 显示全部楼层
SFN的文章,2022轨道器将按照商业模式进行,完全交由公司完成

http://spaceflightnow.com/2016/0 ... built-mars-orbiter/
黑与白 发表于 2016-7-28 16:36 | 显示全部楼层
cmj9808 发表于 2016-7-28 16:24
SFN的文章,2022轨道器将按照商业模式进行,完全交由公司完成

http://spaceflightnow.com/2016/07/27/na ...

就是个通信卫星,很多公司都能完成
cmj9808 发表于 2017-5-4 10:28 | 显示全部楼层
加拿大将提供一个雷达搭载本次任务,可穿透(干)冰层绘制地形图

The instrument, an ice-surface sub sounder, would be for NASA’s Next Mars Orbiter or NeMO. In preparation for that, on March 17 the Canadian government awarded a (CAN) $344,000 contract to MDA Corp. in Quebec to conduct a study of such a system on NeMO.
- See more at: http://spacenews.com/canada-to-b ... thash.nIRgMDQx.dpuf
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cmj9808 发表于 2017-7-11 20:12 | 显示全部楼层
NASA将在8月底公布下一个十年的火星探测方案,包括2022 orbiter和后续的取样返回。

http://spacenews.com/nasa-planni ... ation-architecture/
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