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[其他主题] 印度进军商业发射市场:准备在未来2~3年内发射8颗外国卫星

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jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-10 11:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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本帖最后由 jingyan66 于 2009-12-1 23:48 编辑

Isro to double transponder capacity to 500 by 2012

Jul 09 2009
By Thanuja BM

The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) is betting on its transponder and satellite launch business to help the agency continue to grow rapidly in the future. While Isro plans to more than double its transponder capacity to 500 by 2012, the agency has six more contracts to launch satellites for foreign clients.

According to K R Sridhara Murthi, executive director, Antrix Corporation (the commercial arm of Isro), the organisation has made slow but steady progress in the booming, capital-intensive satellite launch market.

The segment contributed over $20 million or 10 per cent of Isro’s total pre-audited revenues of Rs 1,000 crore ($208 million) for financial year 2009 (FY09).

We have so far put 16 foreign satellites from countries such as Belgium, Canada, Korea, Germany, Japan and Indonesia in space, mostly riding piggyback with our own satellites. We now have six contracts and will launch these satellites this year and early 2010,” he said.

The contracts include Xsat for University of Singapore, Alsat 2a from Algeria, a set of nano-satellites from Canada NLS6, Japan’s Prottieres, an European environmental mapping satellite and Sapphire for a Canadian firm.

“We are in talks with various agencies and firms for more contracts and expect to close a few soon,” Murthi said.

The explosion in the number of DTH (direct-to-home) players has meant more demand for satellite transponders. This bread and butter business contributed 60 per cent of Isro’s revenues in FY09, up 50 per cent from the previous year. “We see more potential in this segment. We will progressively increase the transponder capacity to 500 from the present 211 by 2012 through addition of satellites and new frequency bands,” he said.

Isro will also expand transponder offering to other countries in Africa, West Asia and South-East Asia. At present, it offers services only in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

“We are now exploring newer markets such as Latin America and Africa in both government and private sector. However, getting growth here will take time,” Murthi added.

 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-10 11:04 | 显示全部楼层
“We now have six contracts and will launch these satellites this year and early 2010”  近明两年还将执行6个发射合约
heito 发表于 2009-7-10 11:45 | 显示全部楼层
扔了不少土豆!
Nighthawk 发表于 2009-7-10 14:12 | 显示全部楼层
要打破这样的纪录很容易,用集装箱装一箱土豆,一箭干到天上去就行了
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-7-10 17:58 | 显示全部楼层
看了这消息俺挺无奈的。要是没有美国的限制,俺国也能发射不少这种土豆。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-23 08:52 | 显示全部楼层


A3与美国也是刚刚签署《技术保障协议》(TSA)而获得发射包含美制零件的民用或商用卫星的许可
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-23 08:54 | 显示全部楼层

美国-印度联合声明

2009.07.20

美国-印度联合声明



美国国务院发言人办公室于7月20日发布新闻公告,公布在国务卿克林顿(Hillary Rodham Clinton)于当天结束在新德里的会晤后发表的美国-印度联合声明。以下是新闻公告全文,由美国国务院国际信息局(IIP)翻译。
(全文开始)
美国国务院发言人办公室
2009年7月20日
新闻公告

美国-印度联合声明

以下是美国政府和印度政府在美国国务卿希拉里∙克林顿今天在新德里举行会晤后发表的联合声明全文:
外交部长克里希纳(S. M. Krishna)和国务卿希拉里∙克林顿今天承诺将加强美印战略伙伴关系,为寻找应对当代特有的各种挑战的途径而努力。
双方同意增强印度共和国政府和美利坚共和国政府之间现有的双边关系和合作机制,同时运用两国人民、私人行业及机构间的强大的经济与社会联系基础。基于印度和美国前两届政府执政时期印美关系达到的新高度,双方致力于将两国关系推进到转型性的第三阶段,以增进21世纪的全球繁荣与稳定。
克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿将主持轮流在两国首都举行的每年一次的“美印战略对话”(India-U.S. Strategic Dialogue)。对话将集中讨论双方共同感兴趣和关心的广泛的双边、全球和地区问题,继续开展目前正在实施的各种项目,并采取与印美两国发展、安全与经济利益相应的互利行动。
克林顿国务卿期待于明年欢迎克里希纳部长前往华盛顿参加第一轮美印战略对话。

推进共同的安全利益
认识到抵御共同的国际恐怖主义威胁、加强双方安全的共同愿望,克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿重申两国政府的承诺,将近来得到加强的两国反恐协作进一步扩大。克林顿国务卿邀请内政部长奇丹巴拉姆(Chidambaram)近期内访问华盛顿。克里希纳外交部长和克林顿国务卿再次作出承诺,双方将早日批准将增强全球合作框架的联合国关于打击国际恐怖主义的全面公约(UN Comprehensive Convention against International Terrorism)。

防务合作
克里希纳外交部长和克林顿国务卿指出了2005年《防务合作框架协议》(Defense Co-operation Framework Agreement)对双方防务合作的促进,重申两国政府对在防务领域开展互利合作的承诺。克里希纳外交部长宣布,双方已就美国防务用品的“终端用途监督”(End Use Monitoring)达成协议。

建设一个没有核武器的世界
印度和美国共同憧憬一个没有核武器的未来世界。根据这个目标,克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿同意推动裁军谈判会议(Conference on Disarmament),争取通过一项一视同仁的、能得到国际验证和有效验证的《禁止生产裂变材料条约》(Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty)。印度和美国还将合作防范核恐怖主义,并应对全球核扩散的威胁。两国将建立一个高层双边对话来增强在这些问题上的合作。

民用核合作
在成功达成《印度-美国民用核计划》(India –U.S. Civil Nuclear Initiative)的基础上,印度和美国将根据印度和美国签署的《和平利用核能合作123条款协议》(123 Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation)第六条第三款的规定,于7月21日就再处理安排和程序开始磋商。

全球性机制
克林顿国务卿重申,多边组织和集团应当反映21世纪的现实,以保持长期信誉、存在价值和效力。克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿均表示希望就联合国安理会、八国集团和二十国集团的新组构交换意见。

实现可持续经济增长和发展
作为二十国集团成员,印度和美国已承诺同其他主要经济体共同努力,通过坚决推行开放贸易和投资的政策,促使全球经济危机走向可持续复苏。克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿重申了两国对推动世贸组织多哈回合谈判向前迈进的承诺。
他们保证将共同努力,不仅要保持两国间多年来形成的经济互动,而且要增进双边经济关系并使其多元化,同时扩大贸易和投资流动。双方表示,达成一项《双边投资协定》(Bilateral Investment Treaty)的谈判定于2009年8月在新德里举行。他们决心通过一个将于今年晚些时候召开的新调整的CEO论坛,充分发挥私营行业的创新和创业精神。

教育
克里希纳外交部长和克林顿国务卿重申了通过交流和机构性协作扩大教育合作的重要意义,并就有必要扩大民间行业在增进这种合作中的作用达成共识。

航天、科学和技术以及创新
双方认识到印度与美国的科学与技术协作的巨大潜力,并达成《科学与技术基金协议》(Science and Technology Endowment Agreement),同时签署了一项《技术保障协议》(Technology Safeguards Agreement)。《技术保障协议》将允许印度太空发射装置发射含有美国零部件的民用或非商用卫星。双方高兴地看到印度加入“未来发电计划”(FutureGen Project)建设第一个全面整合碳捕获和碳螯合的商用规模工程,以及印度加入“海洋综合开发计划”(Integrated Ocean Development Project)。这项计划是一项国际努力,旨在增进对地球和海洋动态的了解,并应对气候变化的挑战。

高科技合作
双方看到由两国技术和创新型经济之间的相协性所带来的巨大潜能,因此一致认为,应将双边高科技合作对话(High Technology Cooperation Dialogue)的议程和行动计划继续下去,以促进两个经济体之间更顺畅的高科技贸易,体现出印-美关系当前的战略性质。
双方还同意成立工作组,集中于纳米技术、民用核技术、民航和国防产品许可、战略及民用核贸易等共同感兴趣的新领域。

能源安全、环境和气候变化
克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿保证,将加强在能源安全和气候变化领域的合作。通过印美能源对话(India-U.S. Energy Dialogue)和全球气候变化对话(Global Climate Change Dialogue),注重提高能源效率、可再生能源和洁净能源技术。
双方还同意启动双边科技协作程序,以支持共同感兴趣的领域和其他相关领域——例如太阳能等再生能源、洁净煤和节能——中的转型和革新技术的开发、使用和转让。
印度和美国承诺,将与其他国家——包括通过主要经济体论坛(Major Economies Forum)——共同努力,使2009年12月在哥本哈根举行的《联合国气候变化框架公约》气候变化大会(UNFCCC Conference on Climate Change)取得积极成果。

全球议题
双方指出了两国政府在共同关注的全球议题上进行的宝贵接触——包括加强民主和作为联合国民主基金(UN Democracy Fund)共同创始人所进行的民主机制的能力建设。
双方同意设立妇女权利自主论坛(Women’s Empowerment Forum),就让妇女成为自身权利的主人以及妇女发展工作的经验和最佳实践进行交流,并探讨使整个地区和更广泛地区的妇女实现权利自主的途径。

结论
克里希纳部长和克林顿国务卿重申,印度和美国间的卓越关系是基于印美两国人民之间的亲密关系、商务往来和教育纽带。
克林顿国务卿感谢外交部长和印度人民的热情接待和款待。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-23 08:56 | 显示全部楼层

美国与印度签署国防科技与商业太空合作协定

中央社╱中央社 2009-07-21

(中央社记者郭传信新德里20日专电)美国与印度为加强战略伙伴关系,今天在新德里签署了三项重要协定,包括成立科技捐助合作委员会,美国敏感技术暨装备出口终端用户监督协定,以及太空商业技术保障协定。

其中终端用户监督协定将扩大两国的国防合作,包括美国国防公司得在出售印度国防软硬体之后,监督印度不得将获得的技术或装备转手第三者。太空商业技术保障协定则指得是装备美国组件的民用或非商用卫星,得利用印度的太空载运火箭发射升空

协定签署仪式于晚间8时30分在印度首都新德里的海得拉巴宾馆举行,双方签署人是美国国务卿希拉蕊。柯林顿与印度外长克里希纳。

希拉蕊在签署仪式结束后举行的记者会表示,这些协定将促进两国在国防,太空和科技方面的伙伴关系。她答覆记者问题时,一度因咳嗽严重而说不出话,由助理紧急送上药丸服下。

希拉蕊又表示,印度总理曼莫汉在稍早的会谈中告诉她,印度已同意拨交两块地点,做为兴建美商核能园区之用。她表示,这些园区将落实美印民用核能协定的目标,包括美国将出口至印度数10亿美元的反应炉出口,创造两国工作机会以及为印度国民提供需要的能源,

她说,欧巴马政府强烈承诺将完成两国民用核能协定中的未完事项。一般相信希拉蕊的这项强调,旨在安抚印度的不安。八大工业国集团八国集团稍早在义大利发表一项声明表示,不应容许未签署禁止核子扩散条约的国家取得核子浓缩和再加工技术。至今未签署禁止核扩散条约的印度,担心八国集团的这项声明将对印度急于取得的核燃料构成阻扰。

希拉蕊也代表美国总统欧巴马,邀请印度总理曼莫汉访美。

克里希纳表示,双方会谈议题涵盖共同关切的地区与国际事务,包括气候变迁,裁军,禁止核扩散等。他说,双方也认同在振兴全球经济的同时,应以保障发展中国家永续发展为首要之务。

克里希纳同时强调,印度仍将继续反对贸易保护主义。

他表示,双方也重申共同的承诺,将合作抵挡对印美两个民主大国的恐怖主义威胁,此外,双方会谈也着重两国“第三阶段”关系的新议程,包括在现有的经济与政治良好基础上更上一层楼,在共同利益的领域中建立新的对话。

希拉蕊一行将于明天上午搭机离开印度。希拉蕊是美国总统欧巴马政府上台以来,至今访问印度层次最高的官员。她是于17日晚间抵达印度第一商业暨金融大城孟买, 18日访问孟买地区工商领袖,19 - 20日在新德里拜会印度朝野政党领袖与政府高层。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-23 10:05 | 显示全部楼层

印美签署技术保障协议将为ISRO拓展商业卫星发射市场

US space deal to put Isro into higher orbit


Jul 21 2009 21:57 hrs IST , Bangalore
By Thanuja BM

The technology safeguards agreement (TSA) signed by India and the US on Monday will expand satellite launch market and boost revenues for Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro).

The agreement reached between US secretary of state Hillary Clinton and external affairs minister S.M.Krishna will pave way for execution of two major contracts bagged by Isro for launch of satellites having American component and payloads.

Executive director of Antrix Corporation, the commercial arm of Isro, K R Sridhara Murthi told Financial Chronicle that the Indo-US pact will enable Isro to launch civilian satellites being deployed for non-commercial purposes by third country that have US-made components. Isro can also license satellite equipment having US components aboard.

The civilian non-commercial satellites are those launched by government-owned agencies to monitor weather, natural calamities, provide health and education coverage and take up other social services through satellite link- ups.

Hitherto, the US was unwilling to allow Isro to launch either civilian satellites with American equipment or third country satellites carrying American payloads. Satellites owned by American universities and other academic institutions can also be launched by Isro.
As per the agreement, the US will retain the right to monitor movement of such satellites to ensure that its equipment having dual use is not ‘misused’ or diverted for other uses like supporting a war or creating unrest in a particular country.

Murthi said a collaborative scientific mission with French Space agency CNES – the 500-kg Megha-Tropiques satellite – will be launched later this year as per schedule. Similarly, the Algerian 200-kg, remote sensing satellite Alsat-2A having on board US equipment will also be launched in 2009-10 by Isro.

According to Isro officials, the agreement follows the standard template that the US negotiates with all countries. It is similar to the TSA that the US initialed with China recently.

However, they added that India will not be in a position to immediately enter the lucrative market for the launch of `commercial’ satellites for the US or third country pending conclusion of a separate commercial space launch agreement (CSLA) between the two.
The new dialogue architecture between the US and India with Hillary Clinton and Krishna as co-chairs provides for logically extending the TSA to CSLA.

Isro offers the homegrown PSLV to carry satellites of up to 1,700 kg into low-earth orbit at a cost that’s nearly 30 per cent cheaper vis-à-vis competing agencies and private firms such as International Launch Services and two Russian organisations, Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center and RSC Energia.

Analysts say that the satellite launch market will touch a staggering $ 145 billion by 2016. This is against an earlier estimate of $116 billion.

While India is still a fledgling competitor in the global satellite manufacturing and launch industry -- it entered this field only two years ago -- it is beginning to make a mark with cost competitiveness and flexible time schedules.

According to Antrix’s executive director, the Indian space agency has made slow but steady progress in the booming but capital-intensive satellite launch market. The segment contributed over $20 million or 10 per cent of Isro’s total revenues of Rs 1,000 crore ($208 million) during 2008-09.

Isro has so far put into space 16 foreign satellites from countries like Belgium, Canada, Korea, Germany, Japan and Indonesia, mostly riding piggyback on its own satellites.
sh09 发表于 2009-7-29 20:32 | 显示全部楼层

美印签署的协议将促进印度太空发射业的发展

美印签署的协议将促进印度太空发射业的发展  

新闻发布时间:2009-07-29


  [本站2009年7月28日综合报道] 7月20日正在印度访问的美国国务卿希拉里•克林顿与印度外交部长克里希纳在新德里签署了三项协议,美国与印度在有关扩大军事国防基础、太空和民间核电站建设的科技合作方面达成了共识。其中的技术保护协议(TSA),将促进印度发射非商业美国卫星或包含美国元件的卫星。
  
  现在整个非商业发射市场一年大约发射40颗卫星,其中印度所占的份额很小。以前,包含美国制造元件的卫星是不允许由印度运载火箭发射的。印度太空研究组织(ISRO)官员称,随着TSA协议的签署,印度准备逐步进入到非商业发射市场中来。

  一般来说,非商业卫星是轻型卫星,而且因为卫星发射是依据重量和最终进入的轨道来收费的,因此可能不会给火箭发射机构带来大量的收入。
  
  虽然,协议可能给印度带来在非商业卫星领域的优势,但是印度仍旧被禁止在重型商业卫星领域发射美国卫星或使用了美国制元件的卫星。想要解除限制,印度不得不与美国签署商业太空发射协议 (CSLA)。
  
  印度太空研究组织还在增进与其他国家进行合作。ISRO现在准备在2009年末使用极轨卫星运载火箭(PSLV)发射一颗阿尔及利亚卫星——Alsat。此外,ISRO还计划发射一颗与法国合作开发的“热带云”(Megha Tropiques)卫星,此卫星主要从事热带大气、气候问题研究。该卫星上还装有一个由意大利制造的ROSA大气探测器。除了上面两颗卫星,ISRO还将为日本、荷兰、德国、新加坡和加拿大发射小卫星。
  
  ISRO在2009年的另一重要发射是由GSLV-D3火箭(地球同步卫星运载火箭)发射GSAT-4通信卫星。GSLV-D3将使用印度自主研制的低温发动机。之后GSLV-F06火箭将发射INSAT-3D卫星。(中国航天工程咨询中心 谢慧敏)
sh09 发表于 2009-7-29 20:33 | 显示全部楼层
美国的协议真是一个又一个,无穷尽啊
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-7-31 09:18 | 显示全部楼层

单单签订TSA仍不够,取得实质性进展还需签署CSLA

US pact not yet a launchpad for ISRO


Madhumathi D. S.
Bangalore, July 29

The Technology Safeguards Agreement (TSA) that the Department of Space has signed with the US is a small comforting step, but does not yet fully or readily allow India to tap the global launch services market, according to several well-informed sources that Business Line spoke to.

The TSA technically opens the gates to Indian launch of only non-commercial satellites made in the US or having US components.

One beneficiary would be the Indo-French meteorology satellite, Megha-Tropiques, with such components. Due in 2010, it may not need to seek US clearance.

The real piece of cake would be if – or when – the two countries sign the CSLA (Commercial Space Launches Agreement); it is also being discussed since 2005 and could clear the way for bigger and lucrative deals, according to Mr A. Bhaskaranarayana, ISRO’s Scientific Secretary and Director, SatCom Programme, who signed the agreement last week.

‘One irritant gone’

The TSA, he said, should smoothen the way for governments and universities to look at ISRO to launch small experimental satellites. “It removes the US restriction on only non-commercial launches. Certainly, one irritant is gone, one more [the CSLA] yet to be resolved,” Mr Bhaskaranarayana said.

While the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre and launch port Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota remain blacklisted by the US as ‘entities’, the TSA’s benefits are anyone’s guess. Asked about this, the ISRO Chairman, Mr G. Madhavan Nair, said on Wednesday, “it’s a process which goes on [for removing them.]”

The pact limits ISRO to some of the 25-30 small satellites that are said to be coming up. Since 1999, when the PSLV rocket entered the low-orbit market at 30-40 per cent price difference over the West, ISRO has been content with lifting micro and nano satellites of sub-100 kg as co-passengers. It has serviced 16 such minor payloads. Now the higher-orbit GSLV is also in the market, but for the US curbs.

The small contracts ISRO got reportedly felt the heat of US export control checks - against critical US components getting into `dual-use' or missile programmes. The operator of the Italian satellite `Agile' that went on a PSLV in 2007 reportedly got the clearances as a one-off. At least one contract was reportedly lost for the same reason.

Mr K. R. Sridhara Murthi, Executive Director of ISRO's business arm, Antrix Corporation, said, "[The pact] won't suddenly change our business. Third parties can now come to us for a launch with less uncertainty and more comfort. They do not have to wait for US export control clearance."

Last year, launch services formed around 12 per cent of the Rs 940-crore turnover of Antrix. "We were not too much worried about this agreement," Mr Murthi said. "It's still early days. The other factor is our capacity to cater to them against internal market needs."

The TSA comes at a time when ISRO is scaling up towards Moon and Mars missions, human flights and reusable vehicles and needs to test new technology platforms.

A launch market does exist for ISRO as majors Arianespace, Boeing, Lockheed Martin - with five times bigger capacities to lift 10-12 tonnes - are seen to be too big or busy for lesser payloads.

A satellite uses thousands of components such as sensors, gyroscopes, memory chips and integrated circuits. US components are 20-40 per cent cheaper than those from Europe. One refrain is: "It is difficult to find satellites without US components."
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-8-12 21:31 | 显示全部楼层

美国允许印度发射阿尔及利亚的ALSAT-2A和ALSAT-2B卫星

Wednesday, August 12, 2009 : 1315 Hrs       Hindu


US clears ISRO launch of Algerian satellites



Washington (PTI): The US has allowed ISRO to launch Algerian satellites having American components using an Indian launch vehicle following a Technical Safeguards Agreement (TSA) between the two countries.

A Technical Safeguards Agreement, covering launches of satellites having US components on Indian launch vehicles, was signed between India and the US on July 20 during the US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's visit to New Delhi.

"Following the signing of the Technical Safeguards Agreement during Secretary Hillary Clinton's recent visit to India, the US Government has given clearance for launch by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) of Algerian satellites ALSAT-2A and ALSAT-2B, which have US components, on board an Indian space launch vehicle," the Indian Embassy said in a statement.
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-8-14 12:32 | 显示全部楼层
美国同意印度火箭发射阿尔及利亚卫星  

新闻发布时间:2009-08-13


[据印度新德里网站2009年8月12日报道] 依据美印两国7月20日签署的技术保护协议(TSA),美国批准印度太空研究组织(ISRO)使用印度运载火箭发射装有美国元件的阿尔及利亚卫星。  

责任编辑:中国航天工程咨询中心_曲佳
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-8-14 12:33 | 显示全部楼层
只是签署TSA后的美国许可的特例,还没签署CSLA..................协议真多
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-8-14 23:24 | 显示全部楼层

印度将于2009年底或2010年初发射阿尔及利亚的ALSAT-2A和ALSAT-2B卫星

ISRO to put Algerian satellites in orbit by 2010


Express News ServiceFirst
Published : 14 Aug 2009 04:03:00 AM IST
Last Updated : 14 Aug 2009 04:05:43 AM IST

BANGALORE: With the US clearing the decks for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to launch Algerian Satellites with American components, the space agency is planning to put the satellites in orbit by the end of 2009 or early 2010.

The clearance given to launch the Algerian satellites ALSAT-2A and ALSAT-2B -- which have US components on board an Indian space launch vehicle -- comes after the signing of the Technical Safe Guards Agreement (TSA) between the US and India during US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s recent visit to the country.

“Now that the clearance has been given, we plan to launch the Algerian satellites from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre by the end of the year or early next year if the weather permits,” ISRO spokesperson S Satish.

He added that the space agency’s main priority is to launch the Oceansat- 2 in September followed by the GSAT-4 onboard the GSLV in Octobe or November.

The TSA gives an opportunity for the launch of foreign built non-commercial satellite and not the heavy commercial ones which will require India and the US to sign the commercial space launch agreement (CSLA) which is likely to be signed between India and the US during Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visit to Washington next month.

ISRO will also launch the Swiss Cube, a mini satellite built by Swiss students later this year; which will be launched by PSLV. The project manager of the Satellite project Muriel Noca along with the Swiss Astronaut Prof Claude Nicollier are currently touring Indian cities, including Bangalore.

The primary objective of developing this satellite is to provide a dynamic and realistic learning environment for our staff in the development of small satellite technology, said Noca.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-14 21:45 | 显示全部楼层

2010年印度将发射6颗左右的外国卫星

ISRO eyes more satellite launches from Europe, US

Bangalore, Oct 14 (PTI):

Indian Space Research Organisation has reached an understanding with Arianespace under which the European space consortium would scout for small satellites in Europe to be launched by ISRO.   

ISRO is a long-time customer of the European aerospace giant, which has launched 12 Indian satellites from 1988 to 2007. Another heavy Indian satellite in the present series is expected to be launched by Arianespace, but the date has not yet been finalised, ISRO Chairman, G Madhavan Nair said.

Asked if the association with Arianespace would come to an end after the next launch, he said, "No, actually, we are trying to develop it further. They are good for heavy-lift launches. Whenever we have payloads of more than four tonnes, we may have to depend on them".

At the same time, Nair said ISRO is trying to make use of Arianespace to get launch opportunities from Europe.

"Arianspace will work like a collaborative agency with us in Europe. It is in dialogue with many institutions in Europe. We may get more launch opportunities through them. So, partnership with Arianespace will be strengthened", Nair said.

"They are not interested in small satellites so they will deflect it to us", he added. In addition, Nair said ISRO expects more launch opportunities from the US and Europe following the recent technology safeguards agreement (TSA) with America.

"Technology safeguards agreement talks about spacecraft launch of either US origin or from the components which are used in the spacecraft by Europeans and others. So, they will get clearance for launching from (India's) GSLV and so on", Nair said.

Before TSA with the US getting a clearance of this kind was very laborious and time-consuming, he said, adding that with this agreement, it "will be easier for the countries to come to us. So that may improve our launch frequency and launch contracts for outside users".

Following the TSA, ISRO has now lined up for launch a satellite built by Europeans for Algeria. "So that one (Algerian satellite) was waiting for such a clearance. And it has been cleared and taken up for launch. Its a fairly large contract. The satellite weighs about 200 kg".

Nair said ISRO has lined up launch of about half-a-dozen foreign satellites in the coming year, including those from France, Algeria, Germany, Canada and Indonesia.
ISRO's marketing arm, Antrix Corporation, which clocked revenues of over Rs 1,000 crore in 2008-09, is aiming at a respectable growth of 25-30 per cent in the current fiscal.

He said some overseas players have approached ISRO to procure satellite sub-systems, some propulsion systems and wheels, among others. ISRO is also looking at increasing sales of images taken from its earth observation satellites, Nair, also Secretary in the Department of Space, added.
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-10-15 00:01 | 显示全部楼层
年年都有一堆微小卫星搭载发射。。。。。。。。。。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-20 20:14 | 显示全部楼层

印度觊觎欧美发射市场 未来一年发6颗国外卫星

2009年10月19日   人民网-科技频道

  人民网科技10月19日电 据中国航天工程咨询中心译自印度报业托拉斯消息,印度太空研究组织(ISRO)已经与阿里安航天公司达成一项共识,阿里安公司将在欧洲寻找小卫星由ISRO发射。

  ISRO是欧洲阿里安航天公司的长期客户,在1988年到2007年间,阿里安公司已经发射了12颗印度卫星。ISRO主席奈尔表示,印度现有系列中的一颗重型卫星也准备由阿里安公司发射,但日期还未敲定。

  奈尔还表示,ISRO正试图利用阿里安公司从欧洲获得更多的发射机会。奈尔称,“阿里安公司将作为印度在欧洲的合作机构,与欧洲很多机构开展对话。通过他们我们可以获得更多的发射机会。与阿里安公司的合作关系将被加强。阿里安公司对小卫星不感兴趣,因此就可以交给印度发射。”

  此外,奈尔称,ISRO希望借助与美国最近签署的技术保护协议(TSA)从美国和欧洲获得更多的发射机会。技术保护协议与美国制造的和有美国部件的卫星发射有关。它将允许印度的地球同步卫星运载火箭(GSLV)发射此类卫星。奈尔称,在此协议签署之后外国客户使用印度火箭发射将变得更加容易,因此可以提高发射频率和增加发射合同。

  奈尔说,在未来一年,ISRO将发射约6颗国外卫星,包括来自法国、阿尔及利亚、德国、加拿大和印度尼西亚的外国卫星。(谢慧敏 许红英)
RenBright 发表于 2009-10-20 21:03 | 显示全部楼层
利用国外的卫星,既试验了多弹头分离及控制技术,又挣了钱,值呀!
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