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[专题] 伊朗的航天计划

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暗夜流星 发表于 2010-2-7 22:39 | 显示全部楼层
“神鸟”一级的发动机,和“飞毛腿-B”的发动机的对比,可以看出区别不大。

Nodong_big.jpg
暗夜流星 发表于 2010-2-7 22:43 | 显示全部楼层
据说是“神鸟”第二级的发动机,看起来没有涡轮泵,那就是燃料箱增压了。


4D10_big.jpg
暗夜流星 发表于 2010-2-7 22:46 | 显示全部楼层
发射场的卫星照片,坐标 35.2586 °N   53.9540 °E

Semnan-II_big.jpg
横空出世 发表于 2010-2-7 23:22 | 显示全部楼层
请教阿亚图拉,伊朗火箭头部上面的神鸟,是类似我们的凤凰这样的吗?
ssizz 发表于 2010-2-8 09:37 | 显示全部楼层


http://guba.eastmoney.com/look,600839,6008661939.html
已经被恶搞了。
simorgh确实可以看做是波斯凤凰
Simurgh (Persian: سیمرغ), also spelled simorgh, simurg, simoorg or simourv, also known as Angha (Persian: عنقا), is the modern Persian name for a fabulous, benevolent, mythical flying creature. The figure can be found in all periods of Greater Iranian art and literature, and is evident also in the iconography of medieval Armenia[1], the Byzantine empire [2], and other regions that were within the sphere of Persian cultural influence.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simurgh


                               
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暗夜流星 发表于 2010-2-8 14:53 | 显示全部楼层
这个有才,真能瞎想。
其实神鸟的传说各个文明里面都有,这可能是因为天下人类本是一家,这些神鸟的传说来自于早期的文明共同体。
比如古希腊的不死鸟 Phoenix ,中国的凤凰,古印第安人的 Thunderbird 等等。
另外一方面呢,人类从本质上来说,对于飞翔的鸟儿有一种迷恋,认为他们能够沟通天界和人间。

 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-3-8 20:50 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗建设新火箭发射台 欲发射“凤凰”火箭

2010年03月07日   人民网

英国《简氏防务周刊》报道说,尽管美国等国大国一再强调要对伊朗实施更严厉制裁,但伊朗仍大力发展自己的导弹,有证据表明,伊朗正在建新的导弹发射台。

《简氏防务周刊》网5日报道说,根据卫星拍摄的照片,伊朗正在位于首都德黑兰以东的森曼航天中心建设新的发射台,建成后将发射被命名为“凤凰”的运载火箭,目前正在安装。

报道说,该运载火箭长27米,直径2。5米,重85吨,装备有4个发动机,能够把重100公斤的卫星送入500公里外的地球轨道。

报道说,卫星照片显示,正在建设的发射平台位于森曼航天中心东北4公里处,已经完工一半的工程。报道指出,尽管美国等西方大国指责伊朗试图研制大规模杀伤性武器,并要对其实施更严厉制裁,但这表明伊朗仍正在加紧发展自己的火箭和导弹以及先进武器。
heito 发表于 2010-3-18 13:22 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗将展出卫星和火箭发动机  

新闻发布时间:2010-02-02


[据全球安全网2010年2月1日报道] 伊朗计 ...
shaolin1254 发表于 2010-2-2 17:22



    伊朗国产火箭公开展示 部分设计酷似朝鲜银河-2http://www.sina.com.cn  2010年03月18日 11:31  中国国防科技信息网

                               
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伊朗公开展示“凤凰”航天火箭




  中国国防科技信息网报道,英国《简氏》2010年3月16日刊文称,伊朗总统艾哈迈迪·内贾德在2月3日的宇航技术日仪式上展示了伊朗新的轻型航天运载火箭“凤凰”(Simorgh)的两个关键部分:27米长的两级段“凤凰”航天运载火箭模型,及其有效载荷整流罩。
  “凤凰”的第一级段包括4个液体燃料发动机,使用一个支撑性机构将这些发动机与第一级段的箭体相连。据悉,这是伊朗首次在第一级段使用多发动机火箭助推系统。
  如果取得成功,那么这个两级段的“凤凰”火箭将代表伊朗火箭开发方面的重要进步,其有效载荷能力是伊朗前一代火箭“信使”-2火箭的4倍;可以将重100千克的有效载荷送入500千米高的轨道内。
  伊朗火箭开发并非独立研发成果。“凤凰”火箭的第一级段酷似朝鲜的“银河”-2(Unha-2)火箭,都有4个助推发动机,直径也几乎一样。 尽管“凤凰”火箭使用控制稳定的4个尾翼是“银河”-2火箭所没有的,不过两种火箭上的相似说明,朝鲜可能对伊朗研发提供了帮助,至少在这些发动机上有所帮助。(中国航天工程咨询中心 许红英)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-4-30 10:05 | 显示全部楼层

2011年3月(伊朗新年)前将发射“灯塔”(Mesbah)-2号通信卫星

Iran to launch Mesbah satellite by March 2011


TEHRAN, Nov. 10 (MNA) -- Iran will launch the Mesbah communications satellite by the end of March 2011, the director of Iranian Aerospace Industries announced on Tuesday.

The low-orbit satellite will be launched from a launch pad in Italy, Mahdi Farahi told the Mehr News Agency.

The satellite is expected to operate for a period of three years and its services will be accessible to Iran as well as countries in Europe and the Americas, Farahi added.

He said the satellite’s mission is to collect and store data and transmit the information back to Earth.

In February 2003, Iran and Italy agreed to cooperate in the construction and launch of the Mesbah satellite. At that time, the first phase of the project, which resulted in the construction of a laboratory model of the satellite, had been completed. The Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology and Italy’s Carlo Gavazzi Space company were joint partners in the project.

Iran launched its first domestically manufactured satellite, which was named Omid (hope), into orbit on February 2, 2009, using a modified domestically manufactured long-range missile.

The satellite was designed to circle the Earth 15 times every 24 hours and to send reports to Iran’s space center. It broadcast over two frequency bands and had eight antennas for transmitting data.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-5-4 11:02 | 显示全部楼层

2010年,伊朗将发射2颗通信卫星

Iran to launch two telecom satellites in 2010: official


TEHRAN, May 3 (Xinhua) -- A senior official of Iran's Ministry of Telecommunications, Mohammad Hosseinpour, said Monday that Iran will launch two telecommunication satellites in 2010, local satellite Press TV reported.

If everything goes according to the plan, two telecommunication satellites will be launched by the year's end, Hosseinpour was quoted as saying.

The new satellites, which are designed and produced to decrease telecom traffic between Russia and Europe, will be equipped with filming applications and data-image transmission sensors, according to Press TV.

In February, Iran successfully test-fired a satellite rocket and unveiled three new satellites and a satellite carrier.

The "Kavosh 3" (Explore 3) rocket carrying an "experimental capsule" has been successfully test-fired and will transfer telemetric data, live pictures and flight and environmental analysis data.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-5-8 16:08 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗将很快发射5~6颗通信卫星

Iran to orbit 5-6 telecom satellites 'soon'


17:1607/05/2010


Tehran is planning to launch up to six satellites in the near future, Fars news agency quoted Iranian Telecommunications Minister Reza Taqipour as saying on Friday.

"We are currently carrying out a project that will see... the launch of five to six satellites," he said. "We hope to send one satellite into space in the first half of the coming year."

He said Iran had made significant progress in developing its aerospace industry over the past three to four years, mentioning in particular the launch of the indigenous satellite Omid (Hope) in February.

Since launching the Omid, Tehran has unveiled three new satellites (Tolou, Mesbah II and Navid) and one carrier rocket.

Taqipour also said Iran was planning to build new launch pads.

MOSCOW, May 7 (RIA Novosti)
shaolin1254 发表于 2010-5-9 06:38 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗2010年将发射两颗卫星  

新闻发布时间:2010-05-05


  [据今日航天网2010年5月4日报道] 伊朗媒体《德黑兰时报》称,根据与俄罗斯的协议,伊朗2010年将发射两颗卫星。报道称俄罗斯和伊朗之间的是协议是此前伊朗通信与信息技术部部长访问俄罗斯时签订的。
  
  两颗新卫星的设计生产旨在降低与俄罗斯和欧洲之间的电讯繁忙,卫星将携带影像应用和数据成像传输传感器。
  
  2005年,伊朗凭借俄罗斯火箭发射第一颗商业卫星“西娜”-1(Sina-1)。伊朗研制的第一颗卫星“希望”号(Omid)设计用于收集信息和试验设备,该星于2009年2月发射,数月后成功完成了任务。
  
  今年2月份伊朗还展出了本土生产的“上升”(Tolou)卫星、“迈斯巴”-2(Mesbah-2)卫星和MNavid电信卫星。(中国航天工程咨询中心 侯丹)  

责任编辑:中国航天工程咨询中心_侯丹
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-8-8 14:36 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗总统称伊朗正研制三级推进火箭

2010/08/07

  新华社电 伊朗总统马哈茂德·艾哈迈迪·内贾德在伊朗哈马丹省西部一座城市接受当地电视台采访时宣布,伊朗正在研制三级推进火箭,计划借助这套运载火箭系统将一枚国产卫星送入距地1000公里的轨道。

  “上一次(去年),我们将一枚卫星发射到(距地)250公里(的轨道)……明年我们将把卫星发射到700公里(轨道),后年1000公里,”艾哈迈迪·内贾德说。

  就运载火箭推进力而言,艾哈迈迪·内贾德说,去年伊朗首次发射国产卫星时所用运载火箭的点火推力为32吨,而正在研制的这枚三级推进运载火箭点火时可产生120吨至140吨推力。

  伊朗法尔斯通讯社5日援引内贾德的话报道,伊朗计划“不久将”发射一颗国产通讯卫星。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-9-30 12:25 | 显示全部楼层

傳伊朗邀土耳其參與太空計畫

2010/09/19 09:42  

(路透伊斯坦堡18日電)土耳其報紙Haberturk今天報導,伊朗已邀請土耳其共同參與太空計畫,2017年前發射載人太空船。

懷疑伊朗想要建核子彈的西方國家,擔心這種用來推進伊朗衛星進入軌道的長程彈道技術,會被用來發射核子彈頭。德黑蘭否認這種說法。

親商的Haburturk報指出,土耳其對此提議尚未回應。土國和伊朗官員也未發表評論。

伊朗認為太空計畫是伊朗之光。伊朗今年稍早才試射衛星火箭。

報載這項敏感計畫的合作建議,可強化土伊兩國日漸友好的關係,雙方都有意提升外交和經貿往來。

該報表示,這項建議是在本周稍早,土伊兩國經貿領袖和政府官員一場峰會中提出,是眾多商業協議中一部份。

伊朗總統艾馬丹加(Mahmoud Ahmadinejad)上個月說,伊朗打算把這項載人火箭計劃,從2019年提前至2017年。中央社(翻譯)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-11-11 09:51 | 显示全部楼层

外媒评论:伊朗的空间计划说的多,也偶有惊人之举

Iran's Space Program: Lots of Talk, but a Chance to Shine


By Jeremy Hsu
SPACE.com Senior Writer
posted: 09 November 2010
10:01 pm ET


Iran has its sights set on putting an astronaut on the moon by 2025, after becoming the first Islamic nation to put its own payload into space last year. But the grand goal of getting to the moon may be among the least of the benefits Iran expects to reap from its expanding space program.

Iran's motivations for a space program are most likely practical: developing possible ballistic missile technology and building international prestige as a message to friends and enemies alike, analysts say.

"They will clearly use dual-use technology for a military buildup, and as long as they at least dabble in human spaceflight, they get advantageous press coverage on that as well," said Joan Johnson-Freese, professor of National Security Studies at the Naval War College in Newport, R.I.

Iran launched its first domestically built satellite in February 2009 and promises more satellite launches in 2011. It also has offered to help any other Muslim countries with developing their own space programs, according to a FAQ recently compiled by Tiffany Chow, a researcher at Secure World Foundation, a watchdog group based in Washington, D.C., that tracks space security issues.

Such political signals may serve Tehran's purpose even if the country lacks the technical capabilities to back up its intentions, analysts said.

"Given the current state of Iran's launch capabilities, it is unlikely that they'd be able to develop a human spaceflight program and successfully send an Iranian to the moon by 2025," Chow pointed out.

Fits and starts
Several earlier launch attempts by Iran appeared to fail despite the country's claims otherwise, according to the Secure World Foundation FAQ. The rocket technology involves a mix of North Korean and Soviet missile designs.

The first launch attempt involved a two-stage rocket named Safir ("Ambassador" in Farsi), with a dummy satellite, Aug. 17, 2008. The rocket failed shortly after liftoff, according to outside analysts.

Confirmed success finally came with the launch of the Safir-2 rocket Feb. 3, 2009. That rocket placed an Omid satellite weighing some 44 to 60 pounds (20 to 27 kilograms) into low Earth orbit. The cube-shaped satellite is almost 16 inches (40 centimeters) on each side.

Another launch attempt, this past Feb. 2, involved a Kavoshgar ("Explorer") sounding rocket designed to climb just 62 miles (100 kilometers). The sounding rocket — a rocket designed to collect data rather than transport cargo — had a living payload consisting of two turtles, a worm and a rat that were supposed to parachute back down to safety. No solid proof of the launch's success ever emerged.

Iran had played up the event by launching the rocket from the back of a military truck rather than one of the country's four designated space launch sites. The Defense Minister, Gen. Ahmad Vahidi, oversaw the launch and issued a warning that Iran would not tolerate "any unpeaceful use (of space) by any country."

Such portrayals by Iran of its launches are in stark contrast to "repeated delays in their space program and failures not discussed," according to Charles Vick, senior technical and policy analyst at GlobalSecurity.org.

Next on the launch pad
There's more to come in 2011.

Iran announced it will launch its 89-foot-long (27 meters) Simorgh rocket, also known as Phoenix, which has a liquid fuel propulsion system capable of carrying more than 220 pounds (100 kg) to an altitude of almost 311 miles (500 km).

The Simorgh rocket can carry a new generation of Iranian satellites such as the Mesbah "Lantern" cube satellite, which measures almost 20 inches (50 cm) on each side and weighs between 132 and 165 pounds (60-75 kg).

Mesbah-1 was originally designed and built by Italy and slated for launch by Russia. (Russia had built Iran's first commercial satellite, Sinah, and launched it Oct. 27, 2005.)

But Russia reported that the Mesbah-1 satellite never arrived for launch, and in July 2009 it announced its refusal to launch any more Iranian satellites. Italy similarly refused to help. Mesbah-1 disappeared and has since been replaced by Mesbah-2, built by Iran largely using the Italian design.

"Some of Iran's domestic launch capabilities are indeed inspired by, and to some extent based on, foreign models and systems," Chow told SPACE.com. "Based on recent Iranian claims, though, it appears their newest launch vehicles and satellites are indigenously designed and constructed."

The Tolu ("Sunrise"), due to launch in 2011, would become Iran's first remote-sensing satellite.

Behind the rocketry
Iran's launch vehicles rely heavily upon North Korean and Chinese rocket or missile designs, which are in turn often derived from Soviet missiles, analysts say. [Most Destructive Space Weapons Concepts]

"Direct evidence of assistance, education and hardware transfer from the Chinese to the Iranian and North Korean defense and space (industries) has been witnessed on large scale within China's military industrial infrastructure," Vick said in an e-mail.

North Korea has been focusing mostly on missile development, as opposed to space, given their failures to achieve sustained orbit for any satellites, Vick noted. Meanwhile, Iran's ballistic missile program has been moving like "gangbusters," he added.

But Vick compared the intentions behind China's five-year plan and Iran's three-year plan for space to the Apollo moon program of the 1960s. The Apollo and other U.S. civilian programs helped push ahead basic sciences and military technologies to keep the United States "several generations ahead of our adversaries," Vick explained.

Johnson-Freese suggested Iran sees a space program as a "win-win from both the technical and techno-nationalistic political perspectives," considering how missile and rocket development go hand-in-hand. Whether or not that gets them to the moon may be beside the point.

"The bottom line is, I think Iran's human spaceflight plans are mostly talk, but any part that isn't will be a bonus to them," Johnson-Freese said.
ZEOMENANG 发表于 2010-11-18 15:17 | 显示全部楼层
说说罢了吧,发展好导弹才是真的,特别是远程的。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-12-1 16:17 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗宣布将在近期发射多颗卫星

新闻发布时间:2010-11-23


  [据法新社2010年11月21日报道] 伊朗国防部长艾哈迈德•瓦希迪11月21日表示伊朗将在近期发射多颗最新研制的卫星,但并没有具体说明发射日期。
  
  伊朗曾制定了第二颗本土卫星发射计划,根据计划“观测”-1(Rasad 1)卫星应于今年8月底发射,但现已推迟到2011年3月。2009年2月,伊朗发射了其第一颗本土卫星“希望”号(Omid)。
  
  瓦希迪还表示,由于联合国的制裁,莫斯科拒绝向伊朗部交付弹道导弹空中防御系统,故而伊朗一直在设计“自己的”S-300系列导弹。
  
  伊朗英语新闻电视台11月18日曾报道,伊朗已经“成功”的测试了一个升级版的S-200系统产品,其具有与俄制S-300导弹系统相同的功能。
  
  S-300导弹系统是中程高海拔地对空导弹防御系统,射程为90英里(150千米)。 (中国航天工程咨询中心 刘佳 侯丹)
阿亚图拉 发表于 2010-12-4 09:00 | 显示全部楼层
说得太多了赶紧做点实事吧,赶紧把第二颗卫星射上去吧,都推迟多久了,这么小的卫星都搞不定还谈什么载人航天。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-12-14 10:31 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗计划建设第二座发射场

Iran plans to build second spaceport


Tehran Times Political Desk


TEHRAN - Iran plans to construct its second spaceport, Communications and Information Technology Minister Reza Taqipour said on Sunday.


“At present, there is only one space launch base in the country… but there are some geographical limitations (in regard to launching satellites and missiles),” Taqipour told the Mehr News Agency.

Thus, Iran has carried out a feasibility study on the construction of a second spaceport in order to overcome those limitations, he added.

The current launch site is located in Semnan Province, and in recent years, two spacecraft have been launched from the center.

Elsewhere in his remarks, Taqipour said there are two telemetry tracking and control centers in the country that can track and control satellites launched from Iran, but they belong to other countries.

Iran has made great progress in its space program in recent years.

The Islamic Republic successfully launched a domestically manufactured satellite carrying a capsule containing a rat, turtles, and worms in February 2010.

The launch of the Kavoshgar 3 (Explorer 3) satellite was Iran’s first experiment in sending living creatures into space.

Iran also plans to send people into space within 10 years
heito 发表于 2010-12-28 10:51 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗宣布将发射两颗国产卫星2010年12月26日 08:12凤凰卫视【大 中 小】 【打印】 共有评论0条而在伊朗,伊朗国防部长瓦希迪宣布,伊朗将在近期发射两颗自主研发的新卫星。

据报道,瓦希迪当天出席伊朗教育科技成果展时宣布,伊朗将在伊历新年2011年3月21日前,发射两颗国产人造卫星。

这两颗卫星分别被命名为“曙光”和“观察”号。他还介绍说,用于发射卫星的火箭和发射架等设施完全由伊朗自行研发。这两颗卫星与之前发射的卫星不同,能够在太空停留更长时间。

2009年2月,伊朗军方成功将首颗自主研发的人造卫星“希望”号送上了太空,这颗卫星于2009年4月25日完成任务,设计用来收集资讯和测试装备。近年来,伊朗大力发展太空计划,2008年建立太空中心,成功发射一枚国产的“探索者1号”火箭,并计划在2019年前将宇航员送入太空。由于发射卫星的技术也可以同样用于发射核弹,因此伊朗发展太空技术,也让美国等西方国家感到担忧。

凤凰卫视 李睿 德黑兰报道
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