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[专题] 伊朗的航天计划

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heito 发表于 2009-11-12 18:54 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗计划在2011发射梅斯巴卫星

2009年11月12日 16:19:16   来源:华龙网
  
  华龙网讯 据伊朗《德黑兰时报》报道,周二时,伊朗航天工业主管称,伊朗计划在2011年3月发射梅斯巴卫星。这种低轨道卫星将在意大利发射。该卫星计划使用期为三年,并且它可以为伊朗还有欧洲或者美洲的国家提供服务。梅斯巴卫星的目的是收集并且储存信息,并把信息传回地球。在2003年二用,伊朗和意大利签订协议,建造并且发射梅斯巴卫星。在此之前,伊朗曾在2009年的二月二日发射了本国制造的第一颗卫星,使用的是改进的国产远程导弹。而这次的梅斯巴卫星计划每24小时绕地球15次,并且将信息送回伊朗的航天中心。它可以在两个频段上进行发送信息,在传输信息方面有8条天线。(张璇)
heito 发表于 2009-11-21 08:26 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗拟在两年内不借助外力发射第二枚卫星http://news.QQ.com  2009年11月20日21:32   中国日报网    我要评论(0) 中国日报网环球在线消息:据美国媒体报道,伊朗通讯与技术部长礼萨?塔齐普尔11月20日表示,伊朗计划在未来两年内不借助外力的情况下再发射一枚通信卫星。

伊朗阿耶罗航空工业(AeroSpaceIndustries)此前曾表示,伊朗将借助意大利的帮助发射“灯塔”(Mesbah)卫星,不过这一说法遭到意大利方面的否认。随后礼萨?塔齐普尔作上述表态。

伊朗今年2月3日发射首颗卫星“希望”。(环球在线:小唐)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-11-24 12:32 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗计划2011年底自主发射Mesbah-2卫星

Iran to launch satellite on its own by late 2011


AP foreign, Friday November 20 2009


ALI AKBAR DAREINI

Associated Press Writer= TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Iran plans to launch a communications satellite by late 2011 with no outside help, a top Iranian official said Friday, after Italy and Russia declined to put it into orbit.

The move reflected Tehran's frustration with the two countries as it tries to push ahead with an ambitious space program, which has worried world powers because the same rocket technology used to launch satellites can also be used for military purposes.

Israeli media have claimed that the new Iranian satellite, named Misbah, or "Lantern" in Farsi, is a spy satellite. Iran says the satellite, which is to be launched into a low-earth orbit, is to assist in data communication.

Telecommunications Minister Reza Taqipour touted the decision to launch the satellite as a show of Iran's progress in space technology.

"Our capability to launch a satellite has increased ... we hope to launch Mesbah satellite-2 ourselves" by the end of 2011, Taqipour said, according to the semi-official Fars news agency.

Earlier this month, the head of Iran's Aero Space Industries, Gen. Mahdi Farahi, announced Tehran would use Italy to launch Mesbah after waiting for years in vain for Russia to do the job.

But Italy's Carlo Gavazzi Space company promptly denied the report, saying it does not have the capabilities to put Misbah in orbit.

Iran launched a domestically made satellite — called Omid, or "Hope" in Farsi — using an Iranian rocket for the first time in February. In 2005, its first satellite was launched by Russia, which has been a partner in transferring space technology to Iran along with North Korea and China.

The Mesbah satellite was first displayed in 2005. At the time, Iran said it would be launched that year by a Russian Cosmos-3 satellite-carrier. Since then, however, there were repeated delays by Russia.

Iran has been frustrated by what it sees as foot-dragging by Russia on a number of projects, at a time when Russia, the United States and other powers are pressing Tehran to compromise in the standoff over its nuclear program.

A top Iranian lawmaker earlier this week complained about Russia's delay in delivering the sophisticated S-300 anti-aircraft system. Russia and Iran signed an agreement for the system 2007, but Israel vociferously opposes the deal and has been lobbying Russia not to deliver it.

Russia is also helping Iran build its first nuclear power plant, but its inauguration has also been repeatedly delayed.

Iran has said it wants to put satellites into orbit to monitor natural disasters in the earthquake-prone nation and improve its telecommunications. Iranian officials also point to America's use of satellites to monitor Iran's neighbors Afghanistan and Iraq and say they need similar abilities for their security.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-11-24 12:37 | 显示全部楼层

意大利外交部否认为伊朗的Mesbah卫星发射计划提供帮助

Italy dismisses participation in Iran satellite launch project


11/11/2009

ROME, November 11 (RIA Novosti) - Italy's foreign ministry has dismissed media reports about the country's participation in the Iranian project to launch a low orbiting research satellite, the ANSA news agency has said.

Gen. Mahdi Farahi, the head of Iran's Aero Space Industries told the Mehr News Agency on Tuesday that Italy would cooperate with Aerospace Industries Organization to send the 63.5-kg Mesbah (Lantern) satellite into space in 2011.

A spokesman for the Italian foreign ministry dismissed "any assistance from Italy to Iran in orbiting the satellite."

The satellite, with a lifespan of three years can gather information from various parts of the planet and transmit it back to Earth. Israeli media have said the satellite will be used for spying purposes.

Iran had earlier planned to use Russia for the satellite's launch. The project was started in 1977, but abandoned and restarted in 1996.
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-11-25 10:32 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗:2011年发射的低地球轨道通信卫星没有外援  

新闻发布时间:2009-11-25


  [据satellitetoday网站2009年11月25日报道]  伊朗官方20日宣称,将在2011年底发射的“灯塔”(Mesbah)低地球轨道数据通信卫星,没有来自意大利或俄罗斯的帮助。
  
  这三个国家曾经讨论过打造伊朗航天计划的事宜,但是根据伊朗电讯部长的说法,最近由于关注用来发射伊朗伊朗卫星的火箭可能用于军事目的,导致谈判土崩瓦解。11月初,伊朗阿耶罗航天工业(Aero Space Industries)公司首脑称:伊朗将使用意大利火箭发射“灯塔”卫星。但意大利航天官员立即否认,表示意大利没有技术能力承担此项任务。
  
  伊朗电讯部长在一份声明中说:“我们发射卫星的能力有所提高……希望自己发射‘灯塔’卫星。”(中国航天工程咨询中心  许红英)  

责任编辑:中国航天工程咨询中心_许红英
阿亚图拉 发表于 2009-12-24 00:39 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗国防部长艾哈迈德•瓦希迪表示,伊朗新一代国产卫星“tolu”将于伊历今年“曙光十日”期间亮相。

瓦希迪表示,该卫星完全由伊朗本国的专家学者研制,将展示伊朗伊斯兰共和国在航天领域的发展成就。
他指出,伊朗设拉子的电子工业已经成为了伊朗雷达和电子产业的基石,获得了巨大的成功,保证了伊朗国防和其他领域对此类产品的需求。
瓦希迪表示,该卫星的研制将显示伊朗在空间应用、陆海空卫星覆盖领域的实力。
他指出,伊朗国防部在电子等领域的成就增强了伊朗的国防实力,同时也打破了一些国家对这一高新技术领域的垄断地位。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-24 12:37 | 显示全部楼层

2010年2月初,伊朗将发射新一代卫星“Tolou”

Iran unveils new generation satellite in February

Wed, 23 Dec 2009 08:07:58 GMT

The Islamic Republic of Iran is to convey a new generation of the country's national satellite called Tolou early February.

"The new generation of Iran's national satellite called Toloo will be conveyed in the Ten-day Dawn this year," IRIB quoted Iran's Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi as saying on Wednesday.

The minister further added that the satellite has been designed and built by Iranian scientists and experts at Iran's Electronics Industries Co. (Sa-Iran).

"Sa-Iran in Shiraz has managed to meet the country's needs in radar and defense capabilities," he went on to say.

"The great achievements made by Iran's defense ministry in the electronics field has both increased Iran's deterrent power and ended the monopoly of some countries in this complicated field," he further explained.

According to the minister, Iran's armed forces are able to identify the enemies' software and hardware movements with the use of their modern equipment.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-24 12:38 | 显示全部楼层
Iran says to launch new satellite early next year
Defense Minister Vahidi says launch of 'Sunrise' sattelites will mark a 'big step for continued presence of Iran in space'

Dudi Cohen Published:  12.23.09, 21:49 / Israel News  

Iran plans to launch new satellites into orbit in February and March, 2010, Defense Minister Gen. Ahmad Vahidi told the semi-official Fars news agency Wednesday

"This satellite, which was built by Iranian scientists, is a big step for the continued presence of Iran in space and for taking advantage of the opportunities offered in this field," Vahidi said.

Vahidi did not give any details as to the capability of the Tolou satellites - which means "sunrise" in Farsi.

"Using these modern technologies, Iran's armed forces are capable of catching the enemies off guard, identifying their software and hardware potential and depriving the enemy of movement and maneuverability," Vahidi told Fars.

Last February Iran launched its first satellite, Omid. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad hailed the launching as a "source of pride" for the Islamic republic.

On Wednesday state television reported that Iran had successfully test-fired a long-range, improved Sejil 2 missile, an announcement likely to add to tension with the West.

Al-Alam, Iran's Arabic-language satellite television, said the Sejil missile had a longer range than the Shahab missile, which Iranian officials in the past have said can reach targets 2,000 kilometers (1,250 miles) away.

That would put Israel and US bases in the Gulf within reach.

The missile test coincided with increased tension over Iran's nuclear program, which the West fears is aimed at making bombs. Iran denies the charge.
heito 发表于 2009-12-24 14:45 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗计划2010年再发卫星2009-12-24 13:29 来源:新闻晚报 共 0 条评论 关键字:卫星技术,伊朗可能,希望瓦希迪当天告诉伊朗法尔斯新闻社记者,伊朗计划2010年2月至3月发射自主研制的“日出”号卫星。按照瓦希迪说法,“日出”号卫星具有军事意义,“利用卫星技术,伊朗武装力量能出其不意地打击敌人……使敌人失去机动能力”。
  新华社今日上午电

  伊朗国防部长艾哈迈德・瓦希迪23日说,伊朗计划2010年年初再次发射自制卫星。

  瓦希迪当天告诉伊朗法尔斯新闻社记者,伊朗计划2010年2月至3月发射自主研制的“日出”号卫星。

  按照瓦希迪说法,“日出”号卫星具有军事意义,“利用卫星技术,伊朗武装力量能出其不意地打击敌人……使敌人失去机动能力”。

  伊朗今年2月3日将自主开发的“希望”号卫星送入预定绕地飞行轨道。美国认为,伊朗可能利用卫星发射技术改进弹道导弹。伊朗则宣布,发射卫星完全出于和平目的。

  (来源:新闻晚报)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-12-29 21:50 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗开始研制小型遥感卫星AUT SAT

Iran launches AUT SAT satellite production


28.12.2009 14:59

Amir Kabir University and Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization signed a production agreement on AUT SAT satellites, said Shahruh Mahdavi, a contract expert at the university.

He said design works have ended and production has begun, the Mehr news agency reported.

According to Mahdavi, the satellite's total weight is 70-80 kilograms.

The satellite will reduce damage from earthquakes, droughts and other natural disasters.
阿亚图拉 发表于 2010-1-7 19:14 | 显示全部楼层
伊通社6日阿什阿巴德电

卫星 伊朗
伊朗总统艾哈迈迪-内贾德表示,在曙光十日期间,将有数个由伊朗专家研制的卫星亮相。

伊历11月22日是伊朗伊斯兰革命胜利纪念日,11月12日至22日的之间的十天被命名为曙光十日。
艾哈迈迪-内贾德博士周二晚在伊朗驻阿什哈巴德代表处会见伊朗驻土库曼斯坦侨民时强调,伊朗人在众多科技领域取得了巨大的成就,伊朗将于曙光十日展示由伊朗国内专家研制的卫星并与伊历明年内发射升空。
他谈到西方国家军队在阿富汗驻扎时表示,西方国家已经深陷阿富汗泥潭无法自拔,而增加驻阿部队对他们毫无益处。
伊朗总统指出,西方国家认为在巴基斯坦发起一场战争能够改变他们的局面。但他们在过去几个月的作为只是打肿自己的脸充胖子自我安慰的行为。
他表示,伊朗在伊斯兰革命之前只是一位追随美国政策,对地区没有发挥任何作用。但现在伊朗人民已经完全自主独立,伊朗民族正在以坚定的信念不断获得胜利。
heito 发表于 2010-1-21 11:27 | 显示全部楼层

媒体称伊朗三颗国产卫星将于2月公开亮相

媒体称伊朗三颗国产卫星将于2月公开亮相http://www.sina.com.cn  2010年01月21日11:00  环球时报
  环球时报特约记者宋华报道:据法新社1月20日报道,伊朗将于今年2月公开亮相三颗国产卫星。分析人士指出,这将进一步引发西方有关伊朗利用核项目和航空工业发展核武器和弹道导弹的担心。

  伊朗ISNA通讯社引述伊朗通信部长塔格希普尔的话称,即将亮相的三颗国产卫星中,有一颗仍在制造过程中。塔格希普尔称这三颗卫星分别名为“黎明”(Dawn),“马赫迪”(Ya Mahdi)和“灯塔-2”(Mesbah-2),但没有透露它们未来的具体发射时间。

  塔格希普尔称,“马赫迪”是一枚“试验卫星”,发射用途是测试卫星上照相机和通信设备的性能。

  正在建造之中的“灯塔-2”卫星“是一颗低轨道通信卫星,主要用于储存和发射信号”。不过塔格希普尔表示,它可执行不同任务。

  伊朗ISNA通讯社援引伊朗国防部长艾哈迈德-瓦希迪20日的讲话称,“黎明”卫星是一颗侦察卫星。瓦西迪此前曾表示,“黎明”卫星将于2月初伊朗伊斯兰革命胜利31周年庆典期间亮相。

  他上个月曾透露,“黎明”卫星是由伊朗电子工业公司设计的,该公司是该国国防部附属企业。瓦西迪说:“国防部防务工业自主研发的可靠装备足以满足武装部队的作战需求。”

  2009年2月,伊朗发射了其首颗国产卫星——“希望”号(Omid),以庆祝该国伊斯兰革命胜利30周年。该发射行动为国际社会尤其是西方国家敲响了警钟,使他们更加担心伊朗研发的技术可能会用于军事目的。

  西方国家怀疑伊朗正在秘密尝试建造核弹,他们担心用于发射太空火箭的技术可能会被伊朗用来研发能够携带核弹头的远程弹道导弹。

  不过伊朗否认其发展太空项目是为了军事用途或研发核武器。伊朗早些时候曾宣布其正在建造7颗新卫星,其中3颗为高轨卫星。
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a123s 发表于 2010-1-21 13:41 | 显示全部楼层
提示: 作者被禁止或删除 内容自动屏蔽
haihuo 发表于 2010-1-21 14:15 | 显示全部楼层
搞是可以的,但是成本和效果会很难看,以色列不也搞了卫星发射嘛
shaolin1254 发表于 2010-1-21 14:56 | 显示全部楼层
以色列那个发射场总玩逆向发射,成本太高
haihuo 发表于 2010-1-21 15:34 | 显示全部楼层
shaolin1254 发表于 2010-1-21 18:56 | 显示全部楼层
以色列搞那个发射场是要发射奥菲克系列卫星,人家根本就没想搞大而全,依托在美国的框架下保持自己的特色
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2010-1-23 21:59 | 显示全部楼层

Mesbah 2重63.5kg

Iran to Unveil "National Satellite" in February   

Sunday, 17 January 2010 12:23  

Iran is due to unveil several home-made hi-tech satellites during the Ten-Day Dawn ceremonies from February 1 to 11, celebrating the victory of the Islamic Revolution back in 1979.

According to Fars News Agency on Sunday, January 17, Head of the Central Headquarters for holding the ceremonies Mohammad Hossein Zare' said "A new generation of national satellites will be launched during this year's Ten-Day Dawn."

Zare' also noted that the Iranian defense ministry will release further details on the production and specifications of the new generation of Iran-made satellites.

Iranian Defense Minister Brigadier General Ahmad Vahidi in December announced that Tehran had built a new hi-tech satellite named "Tolou" (Rise), adding that the satellite developed and produced by Iran's Electronics Industries Co. (SA Iran) was a bold step towards the country's active and permanent presence in the field of space.

He said the satellite would be unveiled in February.

Also, Iran in November announced that it is slated to launch another research satellite, the Mesbah 2, in 2011 as part of the country's efforts to own an independent space program.

Mesbah, which means "Lantern," has a lifespan of three years. It is equipped with a store and forward communications receiver that can gather information from various parts of the planet and transmit it back to the Earth.

Mesbah will weigh 63.5 kilograms, more than twice the mass of Omid, which was placed into orbit on the back of two carrier rockets last February.

Omid (hope) was Iran's first research satellite that was designed for gathering information and testing equipment. After orbiting for three months, Omid successfully completed its mission without any problems. It completed more than 700 orbits over seven weeks and reentered the Earth's atmosphere on April 25.
拓跋焘 发表于 2010-1-24 00:54 | 显示全部楼层
MSL什么搞不好,没什么的
shaolin1254 发表于 2010-1-27 11:52 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗将在2月展示新导弹和新卫星计划  

新闻发布时间:2010-01-27


  [据路透社2010年1月26日报道] 伊朗革命卫队指挥官在1月26日称,伊朗将在2010年2月开始几项导弹和武器计划,以庆祝1979年的伊斯兰革命胜利31周年。革命纪念活动将在2月1日至11日进行,新卫星计划也将在同一时间由伊朗宇航组织来公布。
  
  伊朗在2009年2月将第一颗自主研制的卫星发射入轨。伊朗的卫星发射引起了国际社会的关注,因为发射卫星进入轨道的相关技术也可被用于弹道导弹。在三颗新卫星中,“Mesbah-2”卫星正在装配阶段,它是一颗可储存和发射信息的低轨道通信卫星。另外两颗已经完工的卫星为Toloo和Ya Mahdi卫星,它们将分别用于侦察和评估摄影与通信装置。
  
  革命卫队指挥官没有说伊朗是否将试射新导弹,也没有透露计划活动的其他细节。导弹发射可能会增加与西方世界的紧张态势。2009年12月,伊朗称成功试射了一枚升级的“泥石”-2远程导弹。英国首相布朗称,此次发射引起了国际社会的极大关注,并强调可能引发对伊朗更加严厉的制裁。
  
  西方担心伊朗核计划的目标是建造核炸弹,但德黑兰予以否认。以色列和美国都已经宣称,如果外交解决失败,不排除使用武力的可能。而伊朗已经发誓将对任何攻击采取报复。联合国安理会自2006年以来,已经对伊朗实施过3轮制裁。(中国航天工程咨询中心 谢慧敏 曲佳)  

责任编辑:中国航天工程咨询中心_谢慧敏
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