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[专题] 伊朗的航天计划

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 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-12 22:33 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗计划未来两年将动物送入太空

2009-10-12

据俄新社2009年10月8日报道,据伊朗法斯新闻社报道,伊朗计划在未来两年将活的生物送入太空。

伊朗宇航中心的首脑穆赫辛·巴哈米在10月6日表示,伊朗将发射一个可容纳生命的生物舱至太空,目前伊朗宇航中心正在为此工作中。穆赫辛没有指明将搭载何种生物。之前伊朗曾表示过将把活的动物送入太空,以此作为2021年前进行载人航天飞行计划的一部分。

伊朗的宇航研究中心还表示将在2010年3月发射它的下一个“探索”(Kavoshgar)亚轨道火箭。“探索”火箭曾在2008年2月和11月发射,今年2月伊朗又使用自己的“信使”(Safir)运载火箭将国产的卫星送入轨道。

尽管伊朗坚称它的太空计划仅用于和平用途,但西方认为伊朗可能以它为幌子开发自己的弹道导弹。(中国航天工程咨询中心 谢慧敏 许红英)
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-14 22:46 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗与意大利合作研制的Mesbah(Lantern)通信卫星已做好发射准备

Iranian scientists braced for another spaceshot

Mon, 12 Oct 2009 10:07:36 GMT
barghi20091012121849453.jpg
Iran's Mesbah Satellite

After an impressive array of developments in its space program, Iran announces that a semi-domestic telecommunications satellite is ready for launch.

Iran's Minister of Communications and Information Technology, Reza Taqipour, said the Mesbah (Lantern) satellite has successfully completed pre-launch tests and is now ready for take off.

"The Mesbah satellite has been ready for launch for some time now," Taqipour told Mehr news agency on Sunday.

In February 2003, Iran and Italy agreed to cooperate on the construction and launch of the 60 kilogram (132 pounds) cube-shaped Mesbah satellite.

Sadly for Iran, the first attempt to launch the satellite failed in 2005.

Taqipour said the main reason behind the unsuccessful launch of Mesbah was Iran's lack of self-sufficiency in aerospace technology at the time.

“The main problem in the past, was the dependant nature of our space program. The Mesbah project was launched in cooperation with foreign countries and thus we did not succeed in carrying it out,” he said.

Taqipour said the Mesbah satellite will now be sent to space from a launch pad inside the country.

Earlier in February, Iran went down in history for placing its domestically-made satellite into orbit and thus joining a small group of countries that have the ability of both producing satellites and sending them into space using domestic launchers.

The Omid data-processing satellite was designed to circle the Earth 15 times every 24 hours and to transmit data via two frequency bands and eight antennas to an Iranian space station.

Omid is the third Iranian-made satellite to be sent into space. In 2005, Russia launched Iran's first satellite Sina-1, which carried photographic and telecommunications equipment.

Three years later, another research satellite, which had been jointly designed by Iran, China and Thailand, was also sent into orbit.
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-14 22:49 | 显示全部楼层

Mesbah(Lantern)小卫星

mesbah-1__1.jpg
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-14 22:52 | 显示全部楼层
Mesbah(Lantern)原计划由Kosmos-3M从普列谢茨克发射的,后又被老毛子拒了,伊朗只好用“信使”(Safir)来射了
cmj9808 发表于 2009-10-14 23:06 | 显示全部楼层
问个问题,俄罗斯为什么不帮伊朗发射卫星?
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-10-14 23:54 | 显示全部楼层
咦,合作研制卫星不在对伊朗的制裁范围内?
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-10-17 17:35 | 显示全部楼层

Mesbah(Lantern)小卫星

MESBAH.jpg
李书福 发表于 2009-10-18 13:08 | 显示全部楼层
还是导弹计划比较实惠一些。卫星对他们来说意义不是那么迫切。
hkhtg090201 发表于 2009-10-19 16:13 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 hkhtg090201 于 2009-10-19 16:16 编辑

伊朗准备发射..卫星(一些图片).

http://www.spaceflightnow.com/news/n0910/18iran/

Iran readies Safir launch with ICBM implications


                               
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[size=-2]Iranian Safir-2 rocket is readied before liftoff of Iran's first domestically launched satellite last February. A second space launch is being readied on a flight that also has ICBM implications as the U.S. and Iran open new talks. Credit: ITAA



                               
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[size=-2]First and second stages of Safir-2 highlight second stage that uses composite structure to save weight important for both space and ICBM missions. Credit: ITAA



                                                                  

                               
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[size=-3]Iran's next Safir payload will be the Mesbah store-and-forward communications satellite developed under an $11million cooperative program with the Carlo Gavazzi Space Co. in Milan, Italy. Credit: Persianstar



  

                               
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[size=-3]Twin nozzle second stage engine for Safir is powered by storable propellants carried in composite structure. Credit: ITAA


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[size=-2]Iranian satellite is mounted on nose of Safir-2 launcher for integration tests before transport to launch pad. Satellite shown here is different from Mesbah being launched soon. Credit: ITAA

shaolin1254 发表于 2009-10-21 12:50 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗准备使用Safir-2火箭发射第二颗卫星  

新闻发布时间:2009-10-20


[据太空现在飞行网站2009年10月18日报道] 美国的侦察卫星正在监视伊朗的塞姆南发射场,有迹象显示伊朗正在准备使用“使者”-2(Safir-2)火箭发射它的第二颗卫星。这次任务将要发射的是“迈斯巴”(Mesbah)通信卫星,该火箭在执行太空任务时同样可用来测试它的远程弹道导弹能力。  

责任编辑:中国航天工程咨询中心_谢慧敏
阿亚图拉 发表于 2009-10-21 13:30 | 显示全部楼层
使者-2是一种袖珍火箭。
 楼主| jingyan66 发表于 2009-11-10 21:44 | 显示全部楼层

伊朗已准备好发射第二颗国产卫星,重200kg

Iran set to launch 200-kg spy satelite into orbit

DEBKA-Net-Weekly 420 updated by DEBKAfile

November 7, 2009, 9:57 AM (GMT+02:00)


Iran is ready to launch its second homemade spy satellite, with the Safir 2 rocket (Messenger of Ambassador) already in position on its pad, DEBKAfile's military and intelligence sources report. The new satellite weighs 200 kgs, ten times more than Omid 1 (Hope), which was successfully tested only ten months ago, on Feb. 2. Tehran's missile program is clearly rushing forward at a rapid pace. In fact, some Western and Israeli missile experts suspect it may have overtaken North Korea and that Iran no longer stands in need of technical assistance from Pyongyang or Beijing.

If the second launch succeeds, it would mean that Iran is capable of producing solid fuel-powered rockets with a range of 2,450-2,450 kilometers, which covers not only all of Israel but would reach as deep into Europe as the Polish capital of Warsaw. Heads of the Islamic regime in Tehran hope that the advent of a second Iranian spy satellite in Middle East skies, boosted by the new Safir rocket, will so astound the Americans and Israelis that they will think twice before going after Iran's nuclear installations.

Most of all, they want Israel to count the cost of being subjected to their high-grade lethal weaponry before embarking on military action.

In contrast to the Netanyahu government's outcry over the capture of the Iranian arms ship bound for Hizballah last week ("this is a real war crime"), Israel has made very little of two ominous spurts in Iran's progress toward a nuclear military capability.

1. On Nov. 4, US satellite photos were published showing that Iran had raised output at its Gchine uranium mine near Bandar Abbas and is producing enough raw ore for processing into two warheads a year.

Tehran has shut this mine to UN watchdog inspections claiming its agreement with the IAEA does not cover mining operations. The agency is therefore unable to establish where the raw uranium is going.

2. On Nov. 5, US and UK media quoted IAEA sources in Vienna as asking Iran to explain evidence that its scientists have experimented with an advanced nuclear warhead design. They referred to the discovery of high-explosive components of a “two-point implosion” device that could enable Iran to eventually install small nuclear warheads on its ballistic missiles.

Command of this process would short-cut and simplify Iran's path to fitting nuclear warheads on long-range ballistic missiles such as the Shehab-4 which is about ready to go operational.

Iran is stonewalling on this international query too, continuing to dicker over every Western compromise proposal while racing ahead with its plans.
heito 发表于 2009-11-11 12:10 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗计划发射第二颗卫星 重量是首颗的10倍
2009-11-11 11:53:42 来源: 中国国防科技信息网(北京) 跟贴 0 条 手机看新闻
核心提示:伊朗正在准备使用“使者”-2火箭发射其第二颗本土通信卫星,这颗新卫星名为“灯塔”,重59.9千克,比其第一颗本土卫星“希望”号重10倍。用于发射该卫星的“使者”-2二级运载火箭,被认为是由“流星”-3中程弹道导弹改进而来。

中国国防科技信息网11月11日报道  据国际合众社2009年11月9日报道 伊朗正在准备使用“使者”-2(Safir-2)火箭发射其第二颗本土通信卫星,以此来测试国家的弹道导弹能力。

这颗新卫星名为“灯塔”(Mesbah),重59.9千克,比其第一颗本土卫星“希望”号重10倍。用于发射该卫星的“使者”-2二级运载火箭,被认为是由“流星”-3中程弹道导弹改进而来,并具有洲际弹道导弹的潜在应用。

如果此次发射成功,将对美国与伊朗之间的核谈判产生重大影响。《简氏情报摘要》称,此次使用的二级运载火箭是“显著的技术进步”。伊朗已在穆斯林中东地区因为拥有最先进的太空、导弹与核计划而确立了自己的地位,与其他阿拉伯盟国相比具有技术优越性。许多“使者”-2火箭中涵盖的技术问题也是研发远程弹道导弹所需要的。


根据西方媒体消息,伊朗与意大利Carlo Gavazzi航天公司合作建造了两颗“灯塔”卫星,计划经费为1130万美元。第一颗“灯塔”卫星在2005年发射事故中损毁。该卫星计划以及近期“流星”-3导弹和更尖端的固体燃料“泥石”-2弹道导弹一系列点火试验,都预示着伊朗的科学家和工程师们在过去的2年到3年中已取得了重要的技术进步。

“希望”卫星在2009年2月3日发射后,伊朗电信部长宣布,伊朗正在建造其它四颗卫星,并将在2010~2011年开始将研究动物送入太空。 (本文来源:中国国防科技信息网 )
heito 发表于 2009-11-11 16:20 | 显示全部楼层
伊朗称将由意大利代替俄罗斯为其发射通讯卫星2009-11-11 15:26 来源:中国新闻网  共 0 条评论 关键字:俄罗斯,通讯卫星,Mehr伊朗10日宣布,在等候俄罗斯多年未果后,伊朗将寻求由意大利为其发射一颗通讯卫生。伊朗议会国家安全与外交政策委员会主席博罗杰迪(Alaeddin Boroujerdi)8日,如果俄罗斯迟迟不向伊朗交付S-300地对空防空导弹系统,将伤害两国关系。

  中新网11月11日电 伊朗10日宣布,在等候俄罗斯多年未果后,伊朗将寻求由意大利为其发射一颗通讯卫生。

  据美联社援引伊朗半官方Mehr通讯社报道,伊朗航天工业部部长法拉希(Mahdi Farahi)将军表示,这颗通讯卫星,将在2011年3月后当年的某一天,由意大利代为发射。以色列媒体称,这颗卫星目的是刺探情报。

  法拉希没有解释不再由俄罗斯发射的原因。但是今年2月,伊朗总统内贾德曾抱怨,俄罗斯在发射这颗通讯卫星上频繁推托。

  最近几个星期,当俄罗斯警告称,如果伊朗在核谈判中不采取建设性的立场,俄罗斯将支持对伊朗实施新的制裁,伊朗对俄罗斯拖延对其发射卫星的抱怨声甚嚣尘上。

  伊朗议会国家安全与外交政策委员会主席博罗杰迪(Alaeddin Boroujerdi)8日,如果俄罗斯迟迟不向伊朗交付S-300地对空防空导弹系统,将伤害两国关系。博罗杰迪表示:“伊俄两国在很多领域都有合作,因此如果俄罗斯继续拖延,将对俄罗斯构成伤害。”
heito 发表于 2009-11-11 16:21 | 显示全部楼层
意大利代替俄罗斯为其发射????
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-11-11 19:04 | 显示全部楼层
意大利用啥射呀,没发射场,没火箭,欧空局的小火箭搞完了?
cmj9808 发表于 2009-11-11 19:24 | 显示全部楼层
应该是用Vega从圭亚那发射,卫星仍由意大利的Carlo Gavazzi造
阿亚图拉 发表于 2009-11-11 20:20 | 显示全部楼层
不对啊,我刚看到的一条消息是伊朗2011年发射伊朗意大利合作制造的“梅斯巴”卫星。
Iran to launch second research satellite in 2011
2009-11-10 12:42:54 GMT2009-11-10 20:42:54 (Beijing Time) Xinhua English

TEHRAN, Nov. 10 (Xinhua) -- Head of Iran's Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO), Mehdi Farahi, said Tuesday that Iran will launch its second research satellite in 2011, local satellite Press TV reported.

Iran has drawn up its final schedule to launch a semi-domestic research satellite as a part of Tehran's attempt for an independent space program, the report said.

"The completion of the semi-domestic research satellite dubbed Mesbah (Lantern) is another recent achievement of Iranian aerospace experts," Farahi was quoted as saying.

"Mesbah has a life-span of three years. It ... can gather information from various parts of the planet and transmit it back to earth," he said.

"Italy will cooperate with AIO to send Mesbah into space. We hope the launch will be carried out successfully in 2011," Farahi added.

The satellite is low earth orbiting (LEO) which can be located at orbits of 250 to 1,000 kilometers above the earth's surface. Mesbah will weigh 63.5 kg, some 2 times of Iran's Omid satellite, according to the report.

In February, Tehran launched its first lightweight Omid telecommunications satellite, its first home-made satellite, successfully into space by the Iranian-produced satellite carrier Safir 2.

The U.S. administration of President Barack Obama linked Iran's new developments with its nuclear disputes and viewed Tehran's efforts to develop nuclear capability.

Also, Israel urged that the international community should tighten sanctions on Iran in light of its launch of the first home-made satellite.

http://english.sina.com/world/2009/1110/284314.html
cmj9808 发表于 2009-11-11 21:05 | 显示全部楼层
这些消息确实有些自相矛盾。
按照卫星的重量推断,mesbah 大概重60kg左右,可以用改进的safir发射,发射时间似乎是年内或者明年年初;意大利制造的200kg的卫星将由vega发射,发射时间是2011年。
shaolin1254 发表于 2009-11-11 23:47 | 显示全部楼层
意大利那个vega都没试射过呢,伊朗就敢用了
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